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The Quest Forty Three

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS: In questions 1 to 5 choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word and mark it in the answer-sheet.

1. OBVIOUS

(a) Obscure
(b) Difficult
(c) Uncertain
(d) False

2. DECENT

(a) Simplicity
(b) Gentility
(c) Sincerity
(d) Honesty

3. GUILTY

(a) Correct
(b) True
(c) Right
(d) Innocent

4. DESTORY

(a) Make
(b) Produce
(c) Create
(d) Invest

5. VIGILANT

(a) Careless
(b) Irresponsible
(c) Ignorant
(d) Innocent

DIRECTIONS: In question 6 to 8, out of the four alternatives choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

6. PURE

(a) Clean
(b) Unmixed
(c) Fresh
(d) Clear

7. DOUBT

(a) Ignorance
(b) Dullness
(c) Mistake
(d) Disbelief

8. TRIUMPH

(a) Excitement
(b) Victory
(c) Gain
(d) Joy

Answers

1. (a) Obscure
2. (c) Sincerity
3. (d) Innocent
4. (c) Create
5. (a) Careless
6. (b) Unmixed
7. (d) Disbelief
8. (b) Victory

Section Two Civics


DIRECTION: In question 1 to 5 Out of the four alternatives, answer the following question with the most appropriate choice

1. Which one of the following statements about the Preamble of the Indian constitution is not correct.

(a) It has been amended only once in 1976
(b) It can be enforced by the courts
(c) It enshrines the principles of popular sovereignty
(d) It originated from the the "Objective Resolution" drafted by Nehru

2. Which one of the folowing is not the ground mentioned in the constitution of India to impose reasonable restrictions on the right to form association or unions

(a) Friendly relations with foreign states
(b) Public order
(c) Morality
(d) Sovereignty and integrity of India

3. Which among the following words appears first in the Preamble to the Indian constitution.

(a) Liberty
(b) Equality
(c) Justice
(d) Fraternity

4. Who was the first external affairs minister of India

(a) Swaran Singh
(b) Krishna Menon
(c) Dr. BR Ambedkar
(d) JL Nehru

5. Which article of the Indian constitution makes a mention of reservations in public employment in favour of backward classes

(a) 16 (1)
(b) 16 (2)
(c) 16 (3)
(d) 16 (4)

6. The provisions, affecting the federal character of the constitution can be amended only with the approval of

(a) Rajya Sabha
(b) The Parliament
(c) Lok Sabha
(d) The states

7. The first amendment to the Indian constitution was carried out in

(a) 1950
(b) 1952
(c) 1951
(d) 1953

8. The first amendment to our constitution was carried out to overcome the difficulties relating to

(a) directive principles of state policy
(b) the Preamble
(c) fundamental rights
(d) all of the above

Answers

1. (b) It can be enforced by the courts
2. (a) Friendly relations with foreign states
3. (c) justice
4. (d) JL Nehru
5. (d) 16 (4)
6. (d) the states
7. (c) 1951
8. (c) fundamental rights

Section Three: Science


1. Albacore is a type of

(a) Shell-fish
(b) Tuna
(c) Marble
(d) Meteoroid

2. The only species of cat that lives and hunts in groups is

(a) Lion
(b) Leopard
(c) Jaguar
(d) Cougar

3. The branch of medical science which is concerned with the study of disease as it affects a community of people is called

(a) Epidemiology
(b) Oncology
(c) Paleontogy
(d) Pathology

4. What famous scientist and inventor participated in the invention of the Aqua-Lung?

(a) Thomas Edison
(b) Isaac Newton
(c) Leonardo da Vinci
(d) Jacques Cousteau

5. Superconductivity is a material property associated with

(a) Cooling a substance without a phase change
(b) Frictionless liquid flow
(c) A loss of thermal resistance
(d) A loss of electrical resistance

6. The per capita birth rate of a population is known as its

(a) Mortality
(b) Natality (pron: nay-tal-eh-ty)
(c) Population density
(d) Carrying capacity

7. radioactive element is routinely used in treating hyperthyroidism, and in reducing thyroid activity?

(a) Iron-59
(b) Gold-198
(c) Cobalt-60
(d) Iodine-131

8. Yeast, used in making bread is a

(a) Plant
(b) Fungus
(c) Bacteria
(d) Seed

Answers

1. (b) Tuna
2. (a) Lion
3. (a) Epidemiology
4. (d) Jacques Cousteau
5. (d) A Loss of Electrical Resistance
6. (b) Natality
7. (d) Iodine-131
8. (b) Fungus

Section Four: Reasoning


Directions: Questions 1 to 5, In each of the following questions, a word has been followed by four other words, one of which cannot be formed by using the letters of the given word. Find this word.

1. International

(a) Oriental
(b) Latter
(c) Terminal
(d) Rationale

2. Department

(a) Enter
(b) Rented
(c)Temper
(d) Permit

3. Constitutional

(a) Talent
(b) Tuion
(c) Location
(d) Consult

4. Intelligence

(a) Cancel
(b) Gentle
(c) Neglect
(d) Incite

5. Reasonable.

(a) Brain
(b) Arson
(c) Bones
(d) Noble

Directions: Questions 6 to 8, Read the following information and answer the questions given below

(i) A, B, C, D and E reside in a five storey building.
(ii) Band E do not reside on the ground floor.
(iii) D resides one storey above A and one storey below C.
(iv) E does not reside on the top floor.

6. On which floor does D reside?

(a) 1st
(b) 2nd
(c) 4th
(d) 5th

7. How many of them reside above C?

(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4

8. To find out the answers to the above two questions, which of the four given statements can be dispensed with?

(a) (iv)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i)
(d) (ii) and (iv)
(e) None

Answers

1. (c) Terminal
2. (d) Permit
3. (d) Consult
4. (a) Cancel
5. (a) Brain
6. (a) 1st: D resides on first floor.
7. (b) 2: Clearly, Band E are above C.
8. (e) None: All the statements are required to find the answers.

Section Five: General


1. Which of the following is not a function of the Planning Commission in India?

(a) Make an assessment of the material capital and human resources of the country
(b) Formulate a plan for the most effective and balanced utilisation of the country’s resources
(c) Determine the nature of the machinery which will be necessary for securing the successful implementation of the plan at each stage
(d) Indicate the factors which are tending to retard economic development of the country
(e) Keep a strict vigil on borrowing and credits from international agencies and processing all such proposals before submission of the same to the agency concerned

2. ‘Sarawati Samman’ is given for distinguished work in which of the following areas?

(a) Dance
(b) Stage acting
(c) Film production
(d) Science & Technology
(e) Literature

3. ‘Taka’ is the currency of which of the following countries?

(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar
(e) None of these

4. Who amongst the following is the author of the book “Of No Fixed Address”?

(a) Jayant Mahapatra
(b) Kaizad Gustad
(c) Nirmal Verma
(d) John Grisham
(e) None of these

5. Which of the following statements is true about Konkan railways ? A. It covers three states Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa. B. The total cost of the project is about Rs. 3500 crores. C. The railway line will cover about 760 km distance in total.

(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only C
(d) A and B both
(e) All the three are true statements

6. Which of the following is a cash crop?

(a) Gram
(b) Groundnut
(c) Barley
(d) Jowar
(e) None of these

7. Wuthering Heights is written by

(a) Emily Bronte
(b) Juan Benet
(c) Arnold Toynbee
(d) Dominique Lapierre
(e) None of these

8. Hanoi is the capital of which of the following countries?

(a) S Korea
(b) N Korea
(c) Vietnam
(d) Malaysia
(e) None of these

Answers

1. (e) Keep a strict vigil on borrowing and credits from international agencies and processing all such proposals before submission of the same to the agency concerned
2. (e) Literature
3. (e) None of these (Bangladesh)
4. (b) Kaizad Gustad
5. (e) All the three are true statements
6. (b) Groundnut
7. (a) Emily Bronte
8. (c) Vietnam

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