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The QUEST - Issue Forty Two

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS: In questions 1 to 5, the first and the last part of the sentence are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the sentence is split into four parts and named P, Q, R and S. These four parts are not given in there proper order. Read the sentence and find out the four combinations is correct. Then find the correct answer and indicate it in the answer-sheet.


1. There are people

P. To be able to say
Q. Not because they enjoy the book
R. Who read a book
S. But because they want
6. That they have read it.


(a) PSQR
(b) SQPR
(c) RSPQ
(d) RQSP

2. Ashoka was successful

P. By the cruelty and horrors of war
Q. He was so disgusted
R. In his military operations
S. And along among conqueror
6. That he renounced it.


(a) RSQP
(b) SQPR
(c) QPRS
(d) PSQR

3. She has understood

P. So she withdrew herself from the ordinary people,
Q. Like a curse to her father’s house,
R. That God had sent her,
S. From her earliest childhood
6. And tried to live apart.


(a) SRQP
(b) PRQS
(c) QSPR
(d) SPQR

4. As his hunting skill increased,

P. Till at last it was as impossible foe him
Q. So did his love for the hunt,
R. As it is for the opium eater
S. To pass a day without it
6. To forgo his daily potion


(a) RSQP
(b) PSQR
(c) QPSR
(d) PQRS

5. People read and recite the Ramayana

P. Which refers to those high ideals of human conduct
Q. with great devotion,
R. That aspect of its greatness
S. But they mostly fail to appreciate
6. That this great epic place before us.


(a) RSPQ
(b) SRQP
(c) QSRP
(d) PRQS

DIRECTIONS: In question 6 to 7, out of the four alternative choose the one which can be substituted for the given word/sentences.

6. Scarcity of rain or water

(a) Drought
(b) Draught
(c) Dryness
(d) Dehydration

7. Work for which no regular salary is paid

(a) Honourable
(b) Honrary
(c) Temporary
(d) Ad hoc

DIRECTIONS: Choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word .

8. GLORIOUS

(a) Sad
(b) Painful
(c) Cowardly
(d) Humiliating

Answers

1. (d) RQSP
2. (a) RSQP
3. (a) SRQP
4. (c) QPSR
5. (c) QSRP
6. (a) Drought
7. (b) Honrary
8. (d) Humiliating

Section Two: Civics


DIRECTIONS: Out of the four alternatives, complete the following sentence with the most appropriate choice given.


1. The third amendment to our Constitution carried out in 1954 to extend the power of Parliament by transfering the

(a) state list to concurrent list
(b) state list to union list
(c) both A and B
(d) none of the above

2. The words socialist, secular and unity and integrity of the nation were added to the Constitution by the

(a) 42nd amendment
(b) 44th amendment
(c) 52nd amendment
(d) 32nd amendment

3. Which part of the Indian Constitution has been amended only once so far

(a) emergency provisions
(b) fundamental duties
(c) power of judiciary
(d) Preamble

4. Which pair of the words were added to the Preamble to the Indian Constitution by the 42nd amendment

(a) socialist and democratic
(b) democratic and republic
(c) socialist and secular
(d) all of the above

5. Which part of the Indian Constitution was accorded precedence over the fundamental rights through 42nd amendment in 1976

(a) Legislature
(b) Judiciary
(c) directive principles of state policy
(d) none of the above

6. Which territories were incorporated in the Indian union by the tenth amendment

(a) Pondicherry
(b) Goa and Daman and Diu
(c) Dadar and Nagar Haveli
(d) Chandigarh

7. Which amendment incorporated the territories of Goa, Daman and Diu in the Indian union

(a) 12th amendment
(b) 22nd amendment
(c) 32nd amendment
(d) none of the above

8. By which amendment to the Indian Constitution, a new part relating to urban local bodies was added

(a) 74th amendment
(b) 64th amendment
(c) 84th amendment
(d) none of the above

Answers

1. (b) state list to concurrent list
2. (a) 42nd amendment
3. (d) Preamble
4. (c) socialist and secular
5. (c) directive principles of state policy
6. (c) Dadar and Nagar Haveli
7. (a) 12th amendment
8. (a) 74th amendment

Section Three: Science


1. Electric power is less expensive at night because:


(a) More hydroelectric generation is brought on line at night.
(b) There is less demand at night.
(c) Pollution control is less stringent at night.
(d) Power plants are more efficient at night.

2. Electricity generated by coal-fired power plants i the United States in 1990 was approximately what percentage of the entire electricity produced by all sources of power production?

(a) 10 percent
(b) 25 percent
(c) 55 percent
(d) 90 percent

3. In a typical power plant used to generate electricity in the U.S., the percentage of energy in the fuel that is converted to electricity is about:

(a) 99 percent
(b) 50 percent
(c) 35 percent
(d) 10 percent

4. In a certain electronic circuit the output is positive if input 1 is positive and input 2 is zero. If both inputs are positive the output is zero. This is:

(a) An AND circuit
(b) A NOR circuit
(c) An OR circuit
(d) A high-pass filter

5. To reverse the direction of rotation of a three-phase AC induction motor, do one of the following:

(a) Reverse any two of the three-phase connections
(b) Change the frequency of the applied AC power
(c) Operate the motor below the stall torque at very high slip
(d) None of the above

6. What are the three elements of a bipolar transistor?

(a) Grid, plate, cathode
(b) Suppressor, deflector, target
(c) Energizer, controller, terminus
(d) Emitter, base, collector

7. Seawater (i.e. saltwater) freezes at:

(a) The same temperature as fresh water.
(b) At a slightly higher temperature than fresh water.
(c) At a slightly lower temperature than fresh water.
(d) Seawater does not freeze.

8. Nitrous oxide, commonly called laughing gas, has been a matter of concern to environmentalists recently because:

(a) It is thought to cause cancer at low concentrations.
(b) It produces photochemical smog.
(c) It is a greenhouse gas.
(d) None of the above

Answers

1. (b) There is less demand at night.
2. (c) 55 Percent
3. (c) 35 Percent
4. (c) An or circuit
5. (a) Reverse any two of the three-phase connections
6. (d) Emitter, base, collector
7. (c) At a slightly lower temperature than fresh water
8. (c) It is a greenhouse gas.

Section Four: Reasoning


DIRECTIONS (Questions 1 to 3) : Which number would replace the question mark in the following number series?


1. 7, 9, 16, 25, ?, 66

(a) 37
(b) 41
(c) 48
(d) 51

2. 2, 3, 6, 18, ?, 1944

(a) 108
(b) 154
(c) 180
(d) 452

3. Alphabet: Word: : ? : Sentence

(a) Phrase
(b) Paragraph
(c) Word
(d) Syllabus

DIRECTIONS (Questions 4 to 5) : In each of the following questions, four number/number Pairs are given. Select the one which is different from the other three.

4.
(a) 1234
(b) 2345
(c) 4567
(d) 7896

5.
(a) 3245
(b) 7698
(c) 2431
(d) 8356

6. In a group of six women, there are four dancers, four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists. Girija and Vanaja are among the violinists while Jalaja and Shailja do not know how to play on the violin. Shailaja and Tanuja ae among the dancers. Jalaja, Vanaja, Shailaja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. If Pooja is an actress, who among the following is both a dancer and a violinist?

(a) Jalaja
(b) Shailaja
(c) Tanuja
(d) Pooja

DIRECTIONS :'In question below are give two statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

7. Statements:

Some pencils are papers
Some papers are boxes

Conclusions:

I. Some pencils are boxes
II. Some boxes are pencils
III. Some boxes are papers
IV. Some papers are pencils


(a) Only I and II follow
(b) Only III and IV follow
(c) All follow
(d) None follows
(e) None of these

8. Examine the following statements:

1. Either A and B are of the same age or A is older than B.
2. Either C and D are of the same age or D is older than C.
3. B is older than C.

Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?


(a) A is older than B
(b) Band D are of the same age
(c) D is older than C
(d) A is older than C

Answers

1. (b): Each number is equal to the sum of the preceding two numbers. So, missing number = 16 + 25 = 41.
2. (a): Each number in the series is equal to the product of preceding two numbers. . So, missing number = 6 * 18 = 108.
3. (c) : First is a part of the second.
4. (d) : All other groups contain four consecutive numbers in order.
5. (d): All other groups contain four consecutive numbers, though in any' order. 6. (c) The four vocal musician and one actress in the group are given. Two dancers are Shailaja & Tanuja. Two violinists are Girija and Vanaja. Since Jalaja and Shailaja cannot be violinists, so remaining two violinists are Tanuja & Pooja. Clearly, Tanuja is both a violinist & a dancer.
7. (b) Only III and IV follow
8. (a) : is not true since A and B may be of the same age. (b) is not true since B is older than C and if C and D be of the same age, then B is older than D. (c) is not true since C and D may be of the same age. Now, B is older than C. So, whether A is older "than B or of the same age as B, A would be older than C. (d) is true.

Section Five: General


1. Who amongst the following is the author of the book Letters from India?


(a) Rob Young
(b) Nani Palkiwala
(c) Dominique Hanssens
(d) Cleopatra Hanssens
(e) Catherine Young

2. “Akash”, which has been test-fired recently, is a

(a) surface-to-air-missile
(b) surface-to-surface missile
(c) air-to-air-missile
(d) submarine
(e) a helicopter inducted in air force/army

3. Who has written the book “The Electronic B@zzar: From the Silk Road to the E-Road”?

(a) Bill Gates
(b) Dewang Mehta
(c) Narayana Murthy
(d) Robin Bloor
(e) None of these

4. If the Call Centers wish their women employees to work till late night or in night shifts after 8 pm, the provision of which of the following acts would be required to be amended?

(a) Shops and Establishment Act
(b) Companies Act
(c) Hindu Marriage Act
(d) Banking Regulation Act
(e) None of these

5. Some people feel that the Higher Education System in India needs a radical surgery. Which of the following statements of fact support (s) this? (A) India has nearly 12000 institutes imparting higher education, large enough to cater the need of the country. (B) With close to nine million students, India now produces one of the largest number of graduates in the world every year. (C) A large number of people are engaged in hobs not at all compatible with their educational qualifications.

(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only C
(d) All the three
(e) None of these

6. Which of the following statements is/are TRUE regarding the use of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)? A. Under the Montreal Protocol the use of CFC has been banned because it harms ozone layer. B. India has not accepted the Montreal Protocol. C. India has decided to completely ban the use of chlorofluorocarbon till 2010. D. In refrigerators and air conditioners in India, CFCs are used.

(a) Only A & B
(b) Only A, B & C
(c) Only A, C & D
(d) Only A & C
(e) All are correct

7. The Automatic Fleet Management system tracking the movement of vehicles through satellite will be used in monitoring the movement of public buses in

(a) Mumbai
(b) Kolkata
(c) Hyderabad
(d) Chennai
(e) New Delhi

8. Which of the following is a technique of water harvesting and is very popular in Rajasthan?

(a) Ghoomar
(b) Ghotlu
(c) Tekari
(d) Johad
(e) None of these

Answers

1. (e) Catherine Young
2. (a) surface-to-air-missile
3. (d) Robin Bloor
4. (a) Shops and Establishment Act
5. (d) All the three
6. (c) Only A, C & D
7. (e) New Delhi
8. (d) Johad

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