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The QUEST - Issue Forty One

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS: In question 1 to 5, out of the four alternative choose the one which can be substituted for the given word/sentences.

1. Changing one’s mind too quickly

(a) Changeableness
(b) Vacillation
(c) Versatility
(d) Instability

2. A book containing information on all subjects

(a) Dictionary
(b) Appendix
(c) Informative
(d) Encyclopaedia

3. One who is neither intelligent nor dull

(a) Commoner
(b) Mediocre
(c) Tolerable
(d) Diligent

4. Scarcity of rain or water

(a) Drought
(b) Draught
(c) Dryness
(d) Dehydration

5. Work for which no regular salary is paid

(a) Honourable
(b) Honrary
(c) Temporary
(d) Ad hoc

DIRECTIONS: In question 6 to 8, sentence are given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word. Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four.

6. This is the ___ chosen for the hospital complex to be built next year.

(a) Area
(b) locality
(c) site
(d) sight

7. The injury you have received above your right wrist ___ only have been caused by sheer negligence.

(a) Could
(b) will
(c) can
(d) would

8. We have lived in Mumbai ever since we ___ married.

(a) Were
(b) had
(c) have
(d) are

Answers:

1. (b) Vacillation
2. (d) Encyclopaedia
3. (b) Mediocre
4. (a) Drought
5. (b) Honrary
6. (c) site
7. (a) Could
8. (a) Were

Section Two: Civics


DIRECTIONS: In questions 1 to 8, Out of the four alternatives, answer the following question with the most appropriate choice

1. How many schedules did our constitution contain originally

(a) 8
(b) 18
(c) 7
(d) 6

2. How many articles does our constitution have at present

(a) 395
(b) 444
(c) 544
(d) 644

3. Who said in the Constituent Assembly that the directive principles of state policy are like a "cheque on a bank payble at the convenience of the bank"

(a) JL Nehru
(b) KT Shah
(c) BR Ambedkar
(d) KM Munshi

4.Which amendment to the Indian constitution further amended the right to private property and added more land reform acts to the 9th schedule

(a) 17th amendment
(b) 16th amendment
(c) 18th amendment
(d) 19th amendment

5. The famous JVP Committee was appointed in December 1948 to

(a) examine the case of the establishment of secular polity in the country
(b) examine the issue of reorganisation of states on linguistic basis
(c) determine the compensation to be paid to the rulers of the Indian states
(d) none of the above

6. The two persons, who played a vital role in the integration of princily states were

(a) Sardar Patel and Nehru
(b) Sardar Patel and VP Menon
(c) Sardar Patel and Rajendra Prasad
(d) Sardar Patel and KM Munshi

7. The phrase "Procedure establish by law" in our constitution is borrowed from the constitution of

(a) South Africa
(b) Japan
(c) Ireland
(d) USA

8. The 61st amendment to the Indian constitution reduced the voting age from 21 years to

(a) 16
(b) 20
(c) 18
(d) 15

Answers:

1. (a) 8
2. (b) 444
3. (b) KT Shah
4. (a) 17th amendment
5. (b) examine the issue of reorganisation of states on linguistic basis
6. (b) Sardar Patel and VP Menon
7. (b) Japan
8. (c) 18

Section Three: Science


1. Ozone in the upper atmosphere is produced from:

(a) lightning
(b) photochemical reactions
(c) electrical appliances on Earth
(d) model fractals

2. Pollination by wind is called:

(a) autogamy
(b) entomophily
(c) anemophily
(d) ornithophily

3. Glaucoma is treated by which of the following:

(a) androgenic drug
(b) androgenic blocking drug
(c) cholinergic drug
(d) anticholinergic drug

4. Atolls are most probably formed by:

(a) a rise in the earth's crust
(b) sand brought in from the mainland
(c) collapse of the center of a volcano
(d) coral reef upbuilding during subsidence

5. Name the English naturalist who, while credited with being the codeveloper of the theory of evolution by natural selection, is much less famous for this than his codeveloper.

(a) Erasmus Darwin
(b) Robert Ludlow
(c) Alfred Russel Wallace
(d) Rudolf Virchow

6. The U.S. population receives the largest dose of ionizing radiation from:

(a) natural sources.
(b) fallout from nuclear weapons testing.
(c) nuclear medicine.
(d) nuclear power plants.

7. The radioactive element most commonly detected in humans is:

(a) potassium-40
(b) cobalt-60
(c) iodine-131
(d) plutonium-238

8. The largest breeder reactor built to date is located where?

(a) Russia
(b) Japan
(c) France
(d) United States

Answers:

1. (b) Photochemical reactions
2. (c) Anemophily
3. (c) Cholinergic drug
4. (d) Coral reef upbuilding during subsidence
5. (c) Alfred Russel Wallace
6. (a) Natural sources.
7. (a) Potassium-40
8. (c) France

Section Four: Reasoning


1. A is the mother of B
2. C is the son of A
3. D is the brother of E
4. E is the daughter of B
The grandmother of D is?


(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) E

2. In a certain code, ACTIVE is-written as AVITCE. How will DELIMIT be written in that code?

(a) DIMIELT
(b) DIMILET
(c) DTIMILE
(d) TIMILED

3. In a certain code, DESIRABILITY is written as ARISEDYTILIB. In the same code, PREREQI SITE will be written as.

(a) QERERPETSIIU
(b) QEREPRETISIU
(c) QERERPETISIU
(d) QERERPTEISIU

Directions (Questions 4 or 5) : Which number would replace the question mark in the following number series?

4. 26. 21, 25, 33, 49, 81, ?

(a) 97
(b) 113
(c) 129
(d) 145

5. 27. 3, ?, 15, 31, 63, 127

(a) 5
(b) 7
(c) 10
(d) 12

DIRECTION (Questions 6-8):'In each question below are give two statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

6. Statements:

All books are carpet.
All carpets are horses.

Conclusions:

I. All carpets are books.
II. All books are horses.
III. All horses are carpets.
IV. Some horses are carpets.


(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only II and IV follow
(c) Only II, III and IV follow
(d) All follow
(e) None follows

7. Statements:

All boys are dogs
Some dogs are wolfs

Conclusions :

I. Some wolfs are dogs.
II. Some dogs are boys.
III. Some dogs are not wolfs.
IV. Some wolfs are not dogs.


(a) Only III and IV follow
(b) Only I and II follow
(c) All follow
(d) Only II, III and IV follow
(e) None follows

8. Statements:

All cats are babies
No baby is camel

Conclusions:

I. No cat is camel.
II. Some cats are camels.
III. All babies are cats.
IV. Some camels are cats.


(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only III follows
(d) All follow
(e) None follows

Answers:

1. (a) A is the mother of B and E is the daughter of B. So, A is the grandmother of E. Since D is the brother of E, so A is also the grandmother of D.
2. (d) The first and the last letters of the word are kept as it is and the remaining letters are written in the reverse order to obtain the corresponding code.
3. (c) The word is split up into two groups of 6 letters each and each group is written in the reverse order to obtain the code.
4. (d) The sequence is + 4, + 8, + 16, + 32, ...  Missing number = 81 + 64 = 145.
5. (b) Each number is twice the preceding number plus one. Missing number = 3 * 2 + 1 = 7
6. (b) Only II and IV follow
7. (c) All follow
8. (e) None follows

Section Five: General


1. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about direct-to-home (DTH) television services, which was recently in news? (A) DTH will enable subscribers to view more than 100 channels through a small satellite dish and TV set top box. (B) Subscribers will be required to use a SIM card for getting DTH service. (C) Union Cabinet has approved only the Doordarshan to run DTH services in India.

(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only C
(d) Only A & B
(e) Only A & C

2. Turkey, a West Asian nation, is very much desirous to become the member of the European Union (EU). Why does it feel that it belongs to Europe? (Choose the most appropriate alternative amongst the given ones.)

(a) If Turkey, which is a Muslim country is given the membership, other such countries will also get a chance to be a member of the same.
(b) The European Union whishes to increase its geographical boundaries so that it can stop the influence of NATO which is speeding up. Turkey has agreed to help EU in achieving this goal.
(c) Turkey feels that western model of development suits it and hence it should be given the membership of the European Union in the near future.
(d) Turkey, a very poor economy, wishes to adopt Euro money as its currency so that it may get a good support from other member of EU and come out of recession quickly.
(e) None of these

3. Forest area as a percentage of total geographical area (in North-Eastern states) is maximum in

(a) Assam
(b) Manipur
(c) Nagaland
(d) Tripura
(e) Arunachal Pradesh

4. The North-Eastern states form nearly what percentage of India’s total geographical area?

(a) 15%
(b) 10%
(c) 8%
(d) 5%
(e) 3%

5. A country willing to join the European Union should not have an annual budget deficit more than the level of

(a) 3%
(b) 8%
(c) 5.5%
(d) 11%
(e) None of these

6. The headquarters of the European Central Bank is established at

(a) London
(b) Berlin
(c) Frankfurt
(d) Lisbon
(e) None of these

7. ‘Disha’, a voluntary organisation active in Uttar Pradesh, is engaged in which of the following areas?

(a) Eradication of child labour
(b) Eradication of illiteracy
(c) Water harvesting and preservation of drinking water
(d) Mobilisation of farm workers and asserting equal rights to them
(e) None of these

8. Which of the following groups of states is the group where maximum number of “Self Help Groups” are functioning and banks are providing more than 70% of their total lending to these groups?

(a) Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
(b) Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh
(c) Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar
(e) None of these

Answers:

1. (d) Only A & B
2. (c) Turkey feels that western model of development suits it and hence it should be given the membership of the European Union in the near future.
3. (e) Arunachal Pradesh
4. (c) 8%
5. (a) 3%
6. (c) Frankfurt
7. (b) Eradication of illiteracy
8. (a) Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu

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