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The Quest - Issue Thirty Nine

 

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS: In question 1 to 5, sentences are given with blanks to be filled in with appropriate words. Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four.

1. He is the friend ___ I trust most.

(A) Who
(B) Whom
(C) Which
(D) Him

2. The firm ___ its worker very well.

(A) Treated
(B) Regarded
(C) Behaved
(D) Cared

3. In some countries the train ___ like clockwork.

(A) Go
(B) Speed
(C) Run
(D) Travel

4. I ___ people who are good at languages.

(A) Supported
(B) Admire
(C) Attract
(D) Appeal

5. She always runs short ___ money.

(A) To
(B) In
(C) By
(D) Of

DIRECTIONS: In questions 6 to 8 four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase given in the sentence. Choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase given within the brackets.

6. His dealing are all (above board)

(A) Simple
(B) Decent
(C) Open
(D) Friendly

7. He (threw cold water over) the project that the secretary had prepared.

(A) Forget
(B) Encouraged
(C) Cleared
(D) Discouraged

8. There is no need to (rake up) an old quarrel.

(A) Forget
(B) Revive
(C) Start
(D) End

Answers:

1. (B) Whom
2. (A) Treated
3. (C) Run
4. (B) Admire
5. (D) Of
6. (C) Open
7. (D) Discouraged
8. (B) Revive

Section Two: Civics


DIRECTIONS (Question 1 to 4): Out of the four alternatives, complete the following sentence with the most appropriate choice given

1. Under the Indian constitution, the responsibility for the enforcement of fundamental rights rests with

(a) all the courts
(b) the high courts
(c) the supreme court
(d) both B and C

2. The constitution describes the Indian union as

(a) India that is Bharat
(b) India, that is Bharatvarsha
(c) India that is Hindustan
(d) none of the above

3. At present, India consists of

(a) 25 states and 9 Union territories
(b) 24 states and 7 union territories
(c) 28 states and 7 Union territories
(d) 21 states and 11 Union territories

4. The states in India were recognised on linguistic basis for the first time in

(a) 1947
(b) 1951
(c) 1956
(d) 1966

DIRECTIONS (Question 5 to 8): Out of the four alternatives, answer the following question with the most appropriate choice

5. Name the first state in India to have been reorganised on linguistic basis

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Kerala
(c) Karnataka
(d) Andhra Pradesh

6. What is the chief source of political power in India

(a) the constitution
(b) the people
(c) the Parliament
(d) the state legislatures

7. Who regarded the Indian constitution as a mixture of unitory and federal features

(a) KC Wheare
(b) KM Munshi
(c) Bipin Chandra
(d) DD Basu

8. How many committees were made to facilitate the making of the Indian constitution

(a) 12
(b) 22
(c) 32
(d) 42

Answers:

1. (d) both B and C
2. (a) India that is Bharat
3. (c) 28 states and 7 Union territories
4. (c) 1956
5. (d) Andhra Pradesh
6. (b) the people
7. (d) DD Basu
8. (b) 22

Section Three: Science


1. Who was the marine biologist and author of Silent Spring who was one of the first people to warn of the dangers of pesticides like DDT?

(a) Jacques Cousteau
(b) Rachel Carson
(c) Charles Darwin
(d) Marlin Perkins

2.
If a metal can be drawn into wires relatively easily it is called

(a) malleable
(b) ductile
(c) extractive
(d) tactile

3. In which country was a method for making rust-resistant iron discovered in the fifth century B.C.?

(a) Sumeria
(b) Egypt
(c) India
(d) Babylon

4.. Cystitis is the infection of which of the following?

(a) liver
(b) urinary bladder
(c) pancreas
(d) lung

5. At room temperature, most elements are in which phase of matter?

(a) solid
(b) liquid
(c) gas
(d) plasma

6. Who is called the Father of the Nuclear Navy?

(a) Edward Teller
(b) Robert Oppenheimer
(c) Hymen Rickover
(d) Chester Nimitz

7. The science of weights and measures is called:

(a) metrology
(b) meteorology
(c) mineralogy
(d) morphology

8. Which of the following is primarily composed of calcium carbonate?

(a) Fish scales
(b) Shark teeth
(c) Oyster Shells
(d) Whale bones

Answers:

1. (b) Rachel carson
2. (b) Ductile
3. (c) INDIA
4. (b) Urinary bladder
5. (a) Solid
6. (c) Hymen rickover
7. (a) Metrology
8. (c) Oyster shells

Section Four: Reasoning


1. Which of the following turning sequences will make one who started walking towards East, walk towards South?

(a) Left, Right, Left
(b) Left, Left, Right
(c) Left, Left, Left
(d) Right, Right, Right

2. Select the odd one;

(a) Infant
(b) Cub
(c) Doe
(d) Kitten

3. Which of the following pairs has the same relationship as Tree and Sapling?

(a) Ant: Elephant
(b) Hut: Mansion
(c) Giant: Dwarf
(d) Horse: Mountain
(e) Horse: Foal

DIRECTIONS (Questions 4 to 8) : Read the following information and answer the questions given below it.
1. Six friends P, Q, R, S, T and U are members of a club and play a different game of Football, Cricket, Tennis, Basketball, Badminton and Volleyball.
2. T who is taller than P and S, plays Tennis.
3. The tallest among them plays Basketball.
4. The shortest among them plays Volleyball.
5. Q and S neither play Volleyball nor Basketball.
6. R plays Volleyball.
7. T is between Q who plays Football and P in order of height.


4. Who among them plays Basketball?

(a) Q
(b) R
(c) S
(d) U
(e) None

5. Who will be at the third place if they are arranged in the descending order of height?

(a) T
(b) S
(c) Q
(d) P
(e) None

6. What does S play?

(a) Badminton
(b) Football
(c) Cricket
(d) Either cricket or badminton
(e) None of these

7. Who among them is taller than R but shorter than P?

(a) Q
(b) T
(c) U
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these

8. Pradeep remembers that his mother's birthday is after seventeenth May but before twenty-first May, whereas his sister Natasha remembers that their mother’s birthday is after nineteenth but before twenty-fourth May. Which of the following days in May is definitely their mother's birthday?

(a) Nineteenth
(b) Twentieth
(c) Twenty-first
(d) Twenty-second

Answers:

1. (c) Left, Left, Left
2. (c) Doe: All others are young ones of animals.
3. (e) Horse: Foal, Second is the young one of the first.
4. (d) U
5. (a) T
6. (d) Either cricket or badminton
7. (e) None of these
8. (b) Twentieth: According to Pradeep, his mother's birthday lies on 18th, 19th or 20th May but according to Natasha, her birthday lies on 20th, 21st or 22nd May. Clearly, the required day is 20th May.

Section Five: General


1. Who amongst the following has written the famous book My Presidential Years?

(a) Dr VV Giri
(b) Dr Radhakrishnan
(c) Gyani Zail Singh
(d) Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma
(e) None of these

2. Which of the following books is written by Dr. C Rangarjan?

(a) The Reserve Bank of India 1951-1967
(b) The Great Indian Middle Class
(c) The Unemotional Investor
(d) The Ministry
(e) Indian Economy: Essays on Money and Finance

3. Deutsche Mark is the currency of which of the following nations?

(a) France
(b) England
(c) Italy
(d) Poland
(e) None of these

4. With which field is Kalinga Award associated?

(a) Music
(b) Theatre
(c) Science and Technology
(d) Social Studies
(e) Journalism

5. Why was Helen Clark in news recently?

(a) She became the first woman head of nation of Austria.
(b) She assumed the charge of first woman prime minister of Australia.
(c) She is newly elected prime minister of Venezuela.
(d) She will be the first elected woman prime minister of New Zealand.
(e) None of these

6. Who authored the book The Great Master?

(a) VS Naipaul
(b) Mohan Nadkarni
(c) Sujata Pathak
(d) Vikram Seth
(e) None of these

7. Who among the following is the author of the book Speed post, which was in the news recently?

(a) Anita Desai
(b) Kamala Das
(c) Shobha De
(d) Khushwant Singh
(e) None of these

8. Who is the author of the famous bestseller series Harry Potter?

(a) Richard Branson
(b) Joanne Rowling
(c) Bruce Chatwin
(d) Michael Ondaatje
(e) None of these

Answers: 1. (e) None of these; (R. Venkataraman)
2. (e) Indian Economy: Essays on Money and Finance
3. (e) None of these; (Germany)
4. (c) Science and Technology
5. (d) She will be the first elected woman prime minister of New Zealand.
6. (b) Mohan Nadkarni
7. (c) Shobha De
8. (b) Joanne Rowling

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