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The QUEST - Issue Thirty Eight

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS (Question 1 to 5): Each question consists of a word or a phrase given in brackets, it is followed by four words or phrases. Select the word or phrase which is opposite in meaning to the word/phrase and indicate your choice.

1. He is considered to be a (ruthless) person in dealing with his competitor.

(a) Courteous
(b) Sympathetic
(c) Candid
(d) Cordial

2. He has a (sophisticated) taste.

(a) Artificial
(b) Superficial
(c) Simple
(d) Vigorous

3. All his neighbours are aware of his (acrimonious) nature.

(a) Sympathetic
(b) Cooperative
(c) Charitable
(d) Informal

4. His (arrogance) is responsible for the change in his fortune.

(a) Weakness
(b) Humility
(c) Timidity
(d) Selfishness

5. His (pragmatic) approach to the problem was appreciated.

(a) Idealistic
(b) Rational
(c) Cautious
(d) Unbiased

DIRECTIONS (Question 6 to 8): In the sentence some parts have been jumbled up. You are required to rearrange these parts which are labelled P, Q, R and S, to produce the correct sentences. Choose the correct sequence.

6. Rajesh
P: Rama who studied
Q: in the same school
R: paid the fees of his friend
S: who was rich


(a) PQRS
(b) SRPQ
(c) RSPQ
(d) SRQP

7. The social worker devoted
P: to the upliftment
Q: of the people
R: his entire life
S: of his village


(a) QRSP
(b) PQRS
(c) SRQP
(d) RPQS

8. P: The doctor prescribed
Q: some antibiotics
R: having examined the patient
S: for over an hour


(a) RSPQ
(b) SRPQ
(c) QPRS
(d) RPQS

Answers:

1. (b) Sympathetic
2. (c) Simple
3. (b) Cooperative
4. (b) Humility
5. (a) Idealistic
6. (b) SRPQ
7. (d) RPQS
8. (a) RSPQ

Section Two: Civics


1. Which political party bycotted the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly

(a) Indian National Congress
(b) Muslim League
(c) both A and B
(d) none of the above

2. Who is recognised as the father of the Indian constitution

(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(b) Dr. Sachidanand Sinha
(c) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
(d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

3. How many articles did our constitution have originally

(a) 495
(b) 599
(c) 395
(d) 295

4. The Preamble to the constitution of India is

(a) nonjusticiable
(b) justiciable
(c) rigid
(d) none of the above

DIRECTION (Question 5 to 8): Out of the four alternatives, fill in the blank with the most appropriate option given

5. The term ____ means equal respect and equal protection of all religions by Government

(a) socialism
(b) secularism
(c) socialist
(d) democratic

6. The Indian constitution is one of the ____ constitutions of the world

(a) lengthy
(b) bulkiest
(c) rigid
(d) flexible

7. A major portion of the Indian constitution can be amended by a ____ majority in Parliament

(a) 1-3rd majority
(b) 2-3rd majority
(c) simple majority
(d) none of the above

8. The 42nd amendment to the Indian consitution granted the union Government the power to deploy ____ in any states to deal with a grave situation of law and order"

(a) armed forces
(b) special task forces
(c) anti terrorist force
(d) all of the above

Answers:

1. (b) Muslim League
2. (d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
3. (c) 395
4. (a) nonjusticiable
5. (b) secularism
6. (b) bulkiest
7. (b) 2-3rd majority
8. (a) armed forces

Section Three: Science


1. Which of the following substances is not found in tobacco, smoking/inhaling of which may be dangerous for human beings?

(a) Nicotine
(b) Tar
(c) Carbon monoxide
(d) Ammonium sulphate
(e) None of these

2. Which vitamin keeps the eyes healthy?

(a) K
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) None of these

3. Which of the following gases forms the largest part of air?

(a) Carbon Dioxide
(b) Nitrogen
(c) Argon
(d) Oxygen
(e) Hydrogen

4. What is most commonly used substance in fluorescent tubes?

(a) Sodium oxide and argon
(b) Sodium vapour and neon
(c) Mercury vapour and argon
(d) Mercury oxide and neon

5. Which organ of the body never rests?

(a) Eyes
(b) Pancreas
(c) Liver
(d) Heart

6. What are the blood corpuscles that help to build up resistance against diseases?

(a) Leucocytes
(b) Monocytes
(c) Neutfrophils
(d) Lymphocytes

7. What principle/law explains the working of the hydraulic brakes in automobilies?

(a) Bernoullis law
(b) Posieulles principle
(c) Pascals law
(d) Archimedes principle

8. What is milk of magnesia?

(a) Magnesium carbonate
(b) Sodium bicarbonate
(c) Calcium hydroxide
(d) Magnesium hydroxide

Answers:

1. (c) Carbon monoxide
2. (e) None of these
3. (b) Nitrogen
4. (c) Mercury vapour and argon
5. (d) Heart
6. (a) Leucocytes
7. (a) Bernoullis law
8. (d) Magnesium hydroxide

Section Four: Reasoning


Directions (Questions 1 to 5): Select the word which is different from the other three words.

1. (a) Jupiter
(b) Mars
(c) Venus
(d) Apollo

2. (a) Quarter
(b) Flat
(c) Apartment
(d) Garage

3. (a) Counsel
(b) Advice
(c) Direction
(d) Suggestion

4. (a) Resume
(b) Confess
(c) Admit
(d) Depend

5. (a) Miniature
(b) Touched
(c) Despair
(d) Disgusted

6. Bank: River: : Coast: ?

(a) Beach
(b) Sea
(c) Waves
(d) Flood

7. Bullet is related to Gun in the same way as Arrow is related to

(a) Knife
(b) Sword
(c) Bow
(d) Spear

8. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. What is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) Iron
(b) Tin
(c) Aluminium
(d) Brass
(e) Zinc

Answers:

1. (d) Apollo: All others are names of planets.
2. (d) Garage: All others are residential places.
3. (c) Direction: All others are synonyms.
4. (d) Depend: All others are synonyms.
5. (a) Miniature: All others depict feelings.
6. (b) Sea: First is the area adjoining the second.
7. (c) Bow: First is used with the help of second.
8. (d) Brass: All others are metals, while brass is an alloy.

Section Five: General


1. Which of the following is NOT a language for computer programming?

(a) WINDOWS 98
(b) PASCAL
(c) BASIC
(d) COBOL
(e) C+

2. Which of the following countries handed over Macau to China?

(a) United Kingdom
(b) Russia
(c) Taiwan
(d) Japan
(e) Portugal

3. Who amongst the following is the author of the book Business @ the Speed of Thought?

(a) Bill Gates
(b) Gita Piramal
(c) Alyque Padamsee
(d) Jyoti Thapamani
(e) None of these

4. Which of the following is a book written by Salman Rushdie?

(a) Hannibal
(b) Close Range
(c) The Language of Silence
(d) The Ground Beneath Her Feet
(e) None of these

5. The Three Gorges dam project of China, is being built over which of the following rivers?

(a) Huang Ho
(b) Yangtze river
(c) Han Shui
(d) Yalong
(e) None of these

6. TAG-24 is a high-yielding variety of which of the following crops developed by BARC Punjab and Rao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth of Maharashtra?

(a) Potato
(b) Paddy
(c) Sugarcane
(d) Groundnut
(e) Wheat

7. Which of the following does not play a role in rural indebtedness?

(a) Low income
(b) Unemployment
(c) Use of high-yielding variety of seeds
(d) Natural calamities
(e) Unproductive expenses

8. Which of the following is not a source of income for Panchayats in India?

(a) Budget allocated from Union Government
(b) Share from state governments annual budgets
(c) Proceeds from taxes levied by them
(d) Income from property, investment and remunerative undertakings
(e) Fees and charges imposed

Answers:

1.(a) WINDOWS 98
2.(e) Portugal
3.(a) Bill Gates
4.(d) The Ground Beneath Her Feet
5.(b) Yangtze river
6.(c) Sugarcane
7.(c) Use of high-yielding variety of seeds
8.(a) Budget allocated from Union Government

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