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The QUEST - Issue Thirty Six

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


DIRECTIONS Question 1 to 4: You will find sentences, in which word or group of words are given in brackets. For each word or group of words, a word or a phrase is listed below. Choose the word or phrase nearest in meaning to the words given in the brackets.

1. The soliders (laid down there arms)

(a) Put there arms on the ground
(b) Surrendered
(c) Refused to obey order
(d) put the arms in there place

2. At a party, he is always (in high spirits)

(a) Uncontrollable
(b) Drunk
(c) Cheerful
(d) Talkative

3. The date (complied) by the organisation was very useful.

(a) Analysed
(b) Enclosed
(c) Collected
(d) Published

4. He is a (candid) politician.

(a) Frank
(b) Faithful
(c) Fearless
(d) Soft spoken

DIRECTION: In question 6 to10 sentence are given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word. Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it in the answer-sheet.

5. This is the ___ chosen for the hospital complex to be built next year.

(a) Area
(b) locality
(c) site
(d) sight

6. The injury you have received above your right wrist ___ only have been caused by sheer negligence.

(a) Could
(b) will
(c) can
(d) would

7. We have lived in Bombay ever since we ___ married.

(a) Were
(b) had
(c) have
(d) are
8. Although they are not rich, they always were ___ clothes.

(a) respectful
(b) respective
(c) respectable
(d) respected

Answer:

1. (b) Surrendered
2. (c) Cheerful
3. (c) Collected
4. (a) Frank
5. (c) site
6. (a) Could
7. (a) Were
8. (c) respectable

Section Two: Civics


1. The chapter on directive principles of state policy was taken from the constitution of

(a) the republic of Ireland
(b) The Weimar constitution of Germany
(c) the South African constitution
(d) none of the above

2. The nature of the Indian constitution is understood to be as

(a) rigid
(b) flexible
(c) partly rigid and partly flexible
(d) very rigid

3. Our Parliamentary system of Government is based on the constitution of

(a) France
(b) Canada
(c) Britain
(d) USA

4. The Indian constitution describes India as

(a) a union of states
(b) a quasi federal
(c) a federation of states and union teritories
(d) partly unitary and partly federal

5. The constitution of India states India as a secular state which means

(a) religious worship is not allowed
(b) freedom of religion is not allowed
(c) the state respects religious freedom and does not discriminate on this basis
(d) none of the above

6. The Preamble of the Indian constitution declares India to be a

(a) sovergn democratic republic
(b) socialist, democratic republic
(c) sovergn, socialist, secular, democratic republic
(d) all the above

7. The Preamble to the Indian constitution was proposed before the drafting committee by

(a) BN Rao
(b) BR Ambedkar
(c) Sardar Patel
(d) Jawahar Lal Nehru

8. The ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity, in the Preamble to the Indian constitution were adopted from

(a) the Bolshevik Revolution
(b) the French Revolution
(c) the American Declaration of Independence
(d) the UN Charter

Answer:

1. (a) the republic of Ireland
2. (c) partly rigid and partly flexible
3. (c) Britain
4. (a) a union of states
5. (c) the state respects religious freedom and does not discriminate on this basis
6. (c) sovergn, socialist, secular, democratic republic
7. (d) Jawahar Lal Nehru
8. (b) the French Revolution

Section Three: Science


1. Salts of which of the following elements provide colours to fireworks?

(a) Zinc and sulphur
(b) Potassium and mercury
(c) Strontium and barium
(d) Chromium and nickel

2. The hormone insulin is a

(a) Glycolipid
(b) Fatty acid
(c) Peptide
(d) Sterol

3. In which organ of the human body are the lymphocyte cells formed?

(a) Liver
(b) Long bone
(c) Pancreas
(d) Spleen

4. Which of the following is caused by bacterial infection?

(a) Malaria
(b) Tetanus
(c) Cancer
(d) Rabies
(e) None of these

5. Which of the following bases is used for purification of water?

(a) Oxygen
(b) Nitrogen
(c) Chlorine
(d) Carbon Dioxide
(e) None of these

6. From which of the following processes can pure alcohol be obtained?

(a) Oscillation
(b) Oxidation
(c) Crystallisation
(d) Amalgamation
(e) None of these

7. Which among the following is the perfect source of protein?

(a) Potato
(b) Tomato
(c) Wheat
(d) Rice
(e) Pulses

8. The growing plants need which of the following elements in large quantity?

(a) Calcium
(b) Nitrogen
(c) Ammonia
(d) Phosphorus
(e) Iron

Answer:

1. (c) Strontium and barium
2. (c) Peptide
3. (b) Long bone
4. (b) Tetanus
5. (c) Chlorine
6. (e) None of these
7. (e) Pulses
8. (b) Nitrogen

Section Four: Reasoning


1. Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes at the second place.

(a) Shrub
(b) Shudder
(c) Shroud
(d) Shuffle
(e) Shuttle

2. Arrange the given words in the alphabetical order and tick the one that comes last.

(a) Language
(b) Litter
(c) Lieutenant
(d) Luggage
(e) Landlord

3. Choose the alternative that will complete the series: aku, fpz, (…), pzj, ueo, zjt.

(a) kue
(b) jtd
(c) jue
(d) kve
(e) ukv

4. What will be the next term in: BKS, DJT, FIU, HHW, (...)

(a) IJX
(b) IGX
(c) JGW
(d) IGU
(e) JGU

Directions question 5 to 8: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

5. Statement: The boy is too honest not to speak-the truth.
Assumptions: I. Very honest boys also tell lies.
Assumptions: II. Dishonest boys also speak the truth.


(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit.

6. Statement: "A car is required on rent." - an advertisement.
Assumptions: I. All types of vehicles are available on rent.
Assumptions: II. People will respond to the advertisement.


(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit.

7. Statement: "Buy pure butter of company A."- an advertisement in a magazine.
Assumptions: I. No other company supplies pure butter.
Assumptions: II. People read advertisements.


(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit.

8. Statement: Of all the radio sets manufactured in India the 'X' brand has the largest sale.
Assumptions: I. The sale of all the radio sets manufactured in India is known.
Assumptions: II. The manufacturing of no other radio set in India is as large as 'X" brand radio.


(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor II is implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit.

Answer:

1. (a) Shrub
2. (d) Luggage
3. (a) The letters in each term of the series are moved five steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term. So, the missing term is (kue).
4. (c) In each term, the first letter is moved two steps forward, the second letter one step backward and the third letter one step forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term, So, the! missing term is JGW.
5. (d) The statement means that the boy is so honest that he will definitely speak the truth. This means that very honest boy will not tell lies. So, assumption I is not implicit. The statement mentions nothing about dishonest boys. So, assumption II is also not implicit.
6. (b) The advertisement clearly mentions that only a car is on rent. So, assumption I is not implicit. An advertisement is given for the people to respond to it. So, assumption II is implicit.
7. (b) The statement does not say 'only of company A'. It means that other companies may also supply pure butter. So, assumption I is not implicit. It is true that advertisements are given because people read them and then respond to them. So, assumption II is implicit.
8. (a) The comparison could not be made without knowing the sale of all the radio sets. So, assumption I is implicit. The statement mentions only that the sale is largest and nothing is mentioned about the manufacture, So, assumption II is not implicit.

Section Five: General


1. References to each file on disk are stored in a ___.

(a) file allocation table
(b) root allocation table
(c) linking directory
(d) root directory
(e) directory allocation table

2. A sender must not be able to deny that he sent a specific message when he in fact did. This is an aspect of security called

(a) privacy
(b) authentication
(c) integrity
(d) non-repudiation
(e) None of these

3. The water flow in which of the following rivers shared by India and Pakistan both is controlled by the International treaties?

(a) Indus only
(b) Chenab only
(c) Jhelum only
(d) Both 2 & 3
(e) All the three

4. The book Defending India is authored by which of the following persons?

(a) Amartya Sen
(b) Jaswant singh
(c) Manmohan Singh
(d) JN Dixit
(e) None of these

5. Which of the following is the objective of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan?

(a) It is an effort in the area of elementary education
(b) It is an effort in the area of providing education to elders
(c) It is an effort to provide education to street children
(d) It is an effort to provide education to children working with factories as child labour
(e) None of these

6. Expand the term DPAP.

(a) Drought Prone Area Project
(b) Drought Protection Area Programme
(c) Drought Project Action Plan
(d) District Project Action Plan
(e) None of these

7. Expand the form NHDF.

(a) National Housing Development Fund
(b) National Highways Development Fund
(c) New Housing Development Fund
(d) National Human Development Fund
(e) None of these

8. Joraba Tribe is found mainly in

(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Andaman and Nicobar
(e) None of these

Answer:

1. (a) file allocation table
2. (d) non-repudiation
3. (e) All the three
4. (b) Jaswant singh
5. (a) It is an effort in the area of elementary education
6. (a) Drought Prone Area Project
7. (b) National Highways Development Fund
8. (d) Andaman and Nicobar

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