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The QUEST - Issue Twenty Six

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


FILL IN THE BLANKS:

A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. You are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. I _____ pleased at my son's honesty.

(a) am much
(b) am very
(c) am too
(d) am surely

2. I could not find my car _____

(a) nowhere
(b) everywhere
(c) anywhere
(d) somewhere

3. _____ penalize you if you repeat the mistake.

(a) I shall
(b) I will
(c) I should
(d) I ought to

Direction : Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words

4. Abate

(a) Diminish
(b) Enlarge
(c) Amplify
(d) Develope

5. Deception

(a) Frankness
(b) Candour
(c) Honesty
(d) Duplicity

6. Specialist

(a) Expert
(b) Lover
(c) Dignitary
(d) Small Gun

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given word

7. Reproof

(a) Aprobation
(b) Comment
(c) Harmony
(d) Condemnation

8. Enemity

(a) Bitterness
(b) Acrimony
(c) Harmony
(d) Animosity

Answer:

1. (b) am very
2. (c) anywhere
3. (b) I will
4. (a) Diminish
5. (d) Duplicity
6. (a) Expert
7. (a) Aprobation
8. (c) Harmony

Section Two: Civics


1. Judiciary in India works under

(a) Prime Minister
(b) President
(c) Parliament
(d) Independent

2. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Only the Rajya Sabha and not the Lok Sabha can have nominated members
(b) There is a constitutional provision for nominating two members belonging to the Anglo-Indian community to the Rajya Sabha
(c) There is no constitutional bar for a nominated member to be appointed as a Union minister
(d) A nominated member can vote both in the Presidential and Vice Presidential elections

3. Under which Article of the Indian Constitution did the President make a reference to the Supreme Court to seek the Court’s opinion on the Constitutional validity of the Election Commission’s decision on deferring the Gujarat Assembly Elections (in the year 2002)?

(a) Article 142
(b) Article 143
(c) Article 144
(d) Article 145

4. Which one of the following schedules of the Indian Constitution lists the names of states and specifies their territories?

(a) First
(b) Second
(c) Third
(d) Fourth

5. The Ninth Schedule to the Indian Constitution was added by

(a) First Amendment
(b) Eighth Amendment
(c) Ninth Amendment
(d) Forty Second Amendment

6. Under which Article of the Indian Constitution did the President give his assent to the ordinance on electoral reforms when it was sent back to him by the Union Cabinet without making any changes (in the year 2002)?

(a) Article 121
(b) Article 122
(c) Article 123
(d) Article 124

7. Article 370 of the Indian Constitution is related with which of the following areas?

(a) Appointment of Lok Pals
(b) Powers of the Election Commission
(c) Reservations to Minorities and SC/STs
(d) Special status to Jammu and Kashmir
(e) None of these

8. The 92nd Constitutional Amendment Bill deals with which of the following?

(a) Consequential promotions to SC/ST communities to continue in future also
(b) Making it mandatory to provide at least 10% regular jobs to Physically Handicapped every year
(c) Approving Hindi version of the Indian Constitution
(d) Increase in the salaries of the President and Vice-President of India
(e) None of these

Answer:

1. (d) Independent
2. (c) There is no constitutional bar for a nominated member to be appointed as a Union minister
3. (b) Article 143
4. (a) First
5. (a) First Amendment
6. (c) Article 123
7. (d) Special status to Jammu and Kashmir
8. (a) Consequential promotions to SC/ST communities to continue in future also

Section Three: History


1. Who was the last ruler of the Tughluq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate?

(a) Firoz Shah Tughuq
(b) Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq Shah - II
(c) Nasir-ud-din Mahmud
(d) Nasrat Shah

2. How did the dynasty of Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar come to an end?

(a) Ahmadnagar was annexed into Mughal empire and Husain Shah was consigned to life imprisonment
(b) Mughal troops destroyed Daulatabad fort and killed Nizam-ul Mulk of Ahmadnagar
(c) Fateh Khan usurped the throne from Nizam-ul Mulk
(d) Malik Ambar was defeated in a battle with Mughals in 1631 and the entire royal family was killed by the Mughal troops

3. With reference to ancient Jainism, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Jainism was spread in South India under the leadership of Sthalabahu
(b) The Jainas who remained under the leadership of Bhadrabahu were called Shvetambaras after the Council held at Pataliputra
(c) Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the Kalinga king Kharavela in the first century BC
(d) In the initial stage of Jainism, the Jainas worshipped images unlike Buddhists

4. Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of magical charms and spells?

(a) Rig-veda
(b) Yajur-veda
(c) Atharva-veda
(d) Sama-veda

5. The Montagu-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of

(a) the Indian Councils Act, 1909
(b) the Government of India Act, 1919
(c) the Government of India Act, 1935
(d) the Indian Independence Act, 1947

6. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who among the following proposed that Swaraj should be defined as complete independence free from all foreign control?

(a) Mazharul Haque
(b) Maulana Hasrat Mohani
(c) Hakim Ajmal Khan
(d) Abul Kalam Azad

7. Which one of the following sequences indicates the correct chronological order?

(a) Shankaracharya-Ramanuja-Chaitanya
(b) Ramanuja-Shankaracharya-Chaitanya
(c) Ramanuja-Chaitanya-Shankaracharya
(d) Shankaracharya-Chaitanya-Ramanuja

8. The name of the famous persons of India who returned the Knighthood conferred on him by the British Government as a token of protest against the atrocities in Punjab in 1919 was

(a) Tej Bahadur Sapru
(b) Ashutosh Mukherjee
(c) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(d) Syed Ahmed Khan

Answer:

1. (c) Nasir-ud-din Mahmud
2. (a) Ahmadnagar was annexed into Mughal empire and Husain Shah was consigned to life imprisonment
3. (c) Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the Kalinga king Kharavela in the first century BC
4. (c) Atharva-veda
5. (b) the Government of India Act, 1919
6. (b) Maulana Hasrat Mohani
7. (a) Shankaracharya-Ramanuja-Chaitanya
8. (c) Rabindra Nath Tagore

Section Four: General Science


1. Generally, virus infects whole of the plants except

(a) Phloem
(b) Marrow
(c) Cortex
(d) Stem

2. In which of the following disease BCG Vaccines is used

(a) Measles
(b) Tuberculosis
(c) Polio
(d) Hepatitis-A

3. Television was invented by

(a) Graham Bell
(b) J.L. Baird
(c) Einstein
(d) Edison

4. Diphtheria is a disease affecting

(a) Eyes
(b) Throat
(c) Liver
(d) Pancreas

5. Which of the following elements must be present in an organic compound?

(a) Carbon
(b) Nitrogen
(c) Sulphur
(d) Phosphorous

6. The purest form of carbon is

(a) Coke
(b) Wood Charcoal
(c) Coal
(d) Diamond

7. Acids turn

(a) Blue litmus into red
(b) Red litmus into blue
(c) Do not change colour of litmus
(d) None of these

8. All gases will occupy zero volume when the temperature is reduced to

(a) 273° C
(b) 27.3° A
(c) 273° C
(d) 0° C

Answer:

1. (c) Cortex
2. (b) Tuberculosis
3. (b) J.L. Baird
4. (b) Throat
5. (a) Carbon
6. (d) Diamond
7. (a) Blue litmus into red
8. (c) 273° C

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


1. Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that come first.

(a) Qualify
(b) Quarter
(c) Quarrel
(d) Quarry
(e) Quaver

2. Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that come first.

(a) Length
(b) Lenient
(c) Legacy
(d) Legal
(e) Legible

3. Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that come first.

(a) Judiciary
(b) Jockey
(c) Javelin
(d) Jealous
(e) Jargon

Direction: In this type of questions, two words are given. These words are related to each other in some way. Another word is also given. The candidate required to find out the relationship between the first two word and choose the word from the given alternatives, which bears the same relationship to the third word

4. Giant : Dwarf : : Genius :?

(a) Wicked
(b) Gentle
(c) Idiot
(d) Tiny

5. Flower : Butterfly : : Dirt :?

(a) Rats
(b) Fly
(c) Bugs
(d) Sweeper

6. Doctor : Diagnosis : : Judge :?

(a) Court
(b) Punishment
(c) Lawyer
(d) Judgement

Directions: In each of the following questions, five words have been given, out of which four are alike in some manner and the fifth one is different.

7. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Almirah
(b) Rack
(c) Safe
(d) Cupboard

8. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Rigveda
(b) Yajurveda
(c) Atharvaveda
(d) Ayurveda
(e) Samveda

Answer:

1. (a) Qualify
2. (e) Legible
3. (e) Jargon
4. (c) The given words are opposites of each other.
5. (b) First attracts the second.
6. (d) The function of a doctor is to diagnose a disease and that of a judge is to give judgment.
7. (b) All except Rack can be closed.
8. (d) All except Ayurveda are names of holy scriptures, the four Vedas. Ayurveda is a branch of medicine.

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