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The QUEST - Issue Twenty Four

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


Pick out the most effective pair of works from the given pair of words to make the sentence/sentences meaningfully complete.

1. Statistics is an _____ tool for researchers that _____ them to make inferences of generalisations about population from their observations of the characteristics of samples.

(a) outstanding : proposes
(b) invaluable : proceeds
(c) invaluable : displays
(d) important : proclaims
(e) indispensable : enables

2. The Dalits have never had a _____ of freedom in the suffocating society. They are a wounded people _____ and broken.

(a) glimpse : mitigated
(b) sigh : rejected
(c) moment : criticised
(d) satisfaction : prohibited
(e) breath : battered

3. His vision could well be the _____ that the policy-makers use to _____ the banking sector.

(a) roadmap : restructure
(b) manner : shape
(c) blueprint : plan
(d) remedy : revise
(e) approach : represent

Direction : Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Monogamy

(a) Repetitive
(b) Having One Wife
(c) Having Two Wives
(d) Unmarried

5. Lavish

(a) Generous
(b) Expensive
(c) Wasteful
(d) Frugal

6. Accomplice

(a) Support
(b) Associate
(c) Reveal
(d) Attendant

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given word.

7. Flatter

(a) Entice
(b) Depress
(c) Ridicule
(d) Level

8.Meek

(a) Modest
(b) Proper
(c) Small
(d) Arrogant

Answer:

1. (e) breath : battered
2. (e) indispensable : enables
3. (a) roadmap : restructure
4. (b) Having One Wife
5. (a) Generous
6. (b) Associate
7. (c) Ridicule
8. (d) Arrogant

Section Two: Civics


1. The Constitution of India was adopted on:

(a) January 26,1950
(b) January 26,1949
(c) November26, 1949
(d) December31,1949

2. A person can lose citizenship through

(a) termination
(b) renunciation
(c) deprivation
(d) all of these

3. The Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens were

(a) enshrined in the original Constitution
(b) added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment
(c) added to the Constitution by the 44th Amendment
(d) added to the Constitution in the wake of the Supreme Court judgement in the Keshavananda Bharati case

4. The President of India is

(a) directly elected by the people
(b) elected by the two houses of Parliament at a joint sitting
(c) elected through an electoral college consisting of elected members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies
(d) elected by the Lok Sabha

5. After a bill has been passed by Parliament and sent to the President for his recommendation for his consideration

(a) he can refuse to sign it
(b) he has to sign it
(c) He can change certain clauses of the bill
(d) he can send it back for reconsideration

6. A national emergency can remain in operation with the approval of Parliament

(a) for a maximum period of three years
(b) for a maximum period of one year
(c) for a maximum period of six months
(d) for an indefinite period

7. Which one of the following objectives does the Preamble to the Constitution not proclaim

(a) Social, economic, political justice
(b) Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship
(c) Equality of status and of opportunity
(d) Promoting fraternity among world's nations

8. Under what circumstances can some of the Fundamental Rights be suspended?

(a) On the orders of a court
(b) When President 's rule is imposed
(c) When a proclamation of National Emergency is in operation
(d) During financial emergency

Answer:

1. (c) November26, 1949
2. (d) all of these
3. (b) added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment
4. (c) elected through an electoral college consisting of elected members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies
5. (d) he can send it back for reconsideration
6. (d) for an indefinite period
7. (d) Promoting fraternity among world's nations
8. (c) When a proclamation of National Emergency is in operation

Section Three: History


1. Indus Valley civilization was spread over

(a) Punjab, Sind
(b) Punjab, Sind, Rajasthan, Gujarat
(c) Along river Indus
(d) Sind, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, U. P, Rajasthan, Gujarat

2. Kanishka patronized

(a) Mahayana Buddhism
(b) Hinayana Buddhism
(c) Buddhism
(d) Bhahgvatism

3. Who among the following were the first to set up trading settlement in India?

(a) Dutch
(b) Portuguese
(c) French
(d) Spanish

4. Which of the following leaders was not among the Moderates?

(a) A.O. Hume
(b) G.K. Gokhale
(c) W.C. Bannerjee
(d) Lala Lajpat Rai

5. Which of the following was not one of the objectives and methods of the Extremists in the Congress?

(a) The new leadership sought to create in the people a sense of sacrifice and a readiness to suffer for the cause of the country.
(b) The Extremists advocated boycott of foreign goods and use of Swadeshi.
(c) A National Scheme of Education was launched to provide an alternative of Government controlled universities and colleges.
(d) Terrorist and revolutionary methods to turn out the British from India by force or fraud were sought to be justified.

6. The Lucknow Congress session of 1916 is noted for

(a) The merger of the Muslim League with the Congress temporarily
(b) The election of a Muslim President of the Congress
(c) The concession given by the Congress to the Muslim League in the former’s acceptance of separate electorates
(d) None of the above

7. Gandhiji “Champaran Movement” was for

(a) The security of rights of Harijans
(b) Civil disobedience Movement
(c) Maintaining the Unity of Hindu society
(d) Solving the problem of the Indigo workers

8. Gandhi launched Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930

(a) by giving a call for a country wide strike
(b) by calling on the people not to pay taxes to the government
(c) by asking people to offer voluntary arrest on mass scale
(d) by organizing the Dandi March with a view to break the salt law

Answer:

1. (a) Punjab, Sind
2. (a) Mahayana Buddhism
3. (b) Portuguese
4. (d) Lala Lajpat Rai
5. (d) Terrorist and revolutionary methods to turn out the British from India by force or fraud were sought to be justified
6. (c) The concession given by the Congress to the Muslim League in the former’s acceptance of separate electorates
7. (d) Solving the problem of the Indigo workers
8. (d) by organizing the Dandi March with a view to break the salt law

Section Four: Science


1. A Geiger counter is used to measure:

(a) altitude
(b) charged radioactive products
(c) humidity
(d) pressure

2. Pascal’s law states that any pressure applied to a gas in a closed space will be transmitted equally in all directions Of the following, this law is most important in the function of a:

(a) hair dryer
(b) exhaust pipe
(c) electric fan
(d) truck tire

3. Which of the following has as its main function the elimination of excess heat from the body?

(a) Arteries
(b) Kidneys
(c) Sweat glands
(d) Urinary bladder

4. ‘Teetotaler’ means:

(a) Pertaining to the earth
(b) A Nergo
(c) One who abstains from intoxicating drinks
(d) On a holiday

5. From the tern ‘Chronology’ we understand:

(a) The art of curing chronic pains
(b) Science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events
(c) The art of making copper seals
(d) The art of repairing the damaged bones

6. ‘Syndicalism’ means:

(a) Rebellion
(b) A trade union
(c) A federation of traders associations
(d) Stock and share market brokerage

7. ‘pisciculture’ is the:

(a) Artificial hatching of eggs in incubators
(b) Study of animal behaviour
(c) Fish farming
(d) Inducing artificial rain

8. The term “Gross National product” signifies:

(a) Market value of all goods produced in one year
(b) Market value of all goods produced in one year
(c) Annual total value of all goods produced and serviced provided in a country
(d) None of the above

Answer

1. (a) altitude
2. (b) exhaust pipe
3. (d) Urinary bladder
4. (c) One who abstains from intoxicating drinks
5. (b) Science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events
6. (c) A federation of traders associations
7. (c) Fish farming
8. (c) Annual total value of all goods produced and serviced provided in a country

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


In each of the following questions, there is a certain, relation between two given words on one side of : : and one wore! is given on another side of : : while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.


1. Palaeography: Writings : Ichthyology : ?

(a) Fishes
(b) Whales
(c) Oysters
(d) Mammals

2. Bullet : Gun : : Smoke : ?

(a) Factory

(b) Cigarette
(c) Chimney
(d) Fire

3. Wrist: Elbow :: Ankle: ?

(a) Heel
(b) Fingers
(c) Foot
(d) Knee

4. In each of the following questions, five words have been given, out of which four are alike in some manner and the fifth one is different.

Choose out the odd one.

(a) Cricket
(b) Baseball
(c) Football
(d) Billiards
(e) Badminton

5. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Keats
(b) Wordsworth
(c) Tolstoy
(d) Ghalib
(e) Tagore

6. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Mussoorie
(b) Pahalgam
(c) Jaipur
(d) Darjeeling
(e) Manali

7. If train is called bus, bus IS called tractor, tractor is called' car, car is called scooter; scooter is called bicycle, bicycle is called moped, which is used to plough a field?

(a)Train
(b) Bus
(c) Tractor
(d) Car
(e) Moped

8.If lead is called stick, stick is called nib, nib is called needle, needle is called rope and rope is called thread, what will be fitted in a pen to write with it?

(a) Stick
(b) Lead
(c) Needle
(d) Nib
(e) Thread

Answer:

1. (a) Palaeography is the study of ancient writings. Similarly, Ichthyology is the study of fishes.
2. (c) First comes out of the second.
3. (d) Wrist is the lower part of elbow. Similarly, ankle is the lower part of knee.
4. (d) All except Billiards ate outdoor games.
5. (c) All except Tolstoy are poet, while Tolstoy is a story writer.
6. (c) All except Jaipur are hill, stations.
7.(d) A 'tractor' is used to plough a field. But a 'tractor' is called 'car'. So, a 'car' will be used to plough the field.
8.(c) Clearly, a 'nib' is fitted in the pen to write with it. But a 'nib' is called 'needle' so a 'needle' will be fitted in the pen'

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