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The QUEST - Issue Twenty Three

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


Pick out the most effective pair of works from the given pair of words to make the sentence/sentences meaningfully complete.

1. A person’s formal educational background may ___ rich but complex information. To some degree education ____ a person’s knowledge and skill base.

(a) reveal : advocates
(b) yield : indicates
(c) exhibit : develops
(d) cover : evolves
(e) surmount : shows

2. The RBI in consultation with Government of India has ____ a working group to suggest measures for ___ of weak public sector banks.

(a) commissioned : appreciating
(b) established : accommodation
(c) reshaped : merger
(d) constitued : revival
(e) organised : development

3. The textile industry in India has ___ rough weather in recent times. The textile mill is one of the few companies to have ___ this strom.

(a) overcome : empowered
(b) managed : absorbed
(c) protested : fought
(d) withstood : survived
(e) ventured : managed

Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning of the word given in bold.

4. Base

(a) Exalted
(b) Helpful
(c) Unmarked
(d) Harsh
(e) Immoral

5. Fidelity

(a) Perfidy
(b) Loyalty
(c) Amnesty
(d) Freshness
(e) Vivacity

6. Indignation

(a) Animosity
(b) Insolence
(c) Forbearance
(d) Alertness
(e) Indolence

7. Lofty

(a) Deserted
(b) Imposing
(c) Solitary
(d) Lowly
(e) Adrift

8. Heed

(a) Assist
(b) Neglect
(c) Uphold
(d) Conceal
(e) Disguise

Answer:

1. (b) yield : indicates
2. (d) constitued : revival
3. (d) withstood : survived
4. (a) Exalted
5. (a) Perfidy
6. (c) Forbearance
7. (d) Lowly
8. (b) Neglect

Section Two: Civics


1. Who was Chairman of the Drafting committee which drafted the Constitution ?

(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) C.R. Rajagopalachari

2. Which of the following is not a condition for becoming a citizen of India

(a) citizen ship by birth
(b) citizenship by descent
(c) citizenship by acquiring property
(d) citizenship by naturalization

3. Which one of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom

(a) Mandamus
(b) Habeas Corpus
(c) Quo Warranto
(d) Certiorari

4. The President of India is the

(a) head of state
(b) the head of government
(c) head of state as well as government
(d) none of these

5. How many members of the Rajya Sabha are nominated by the President from amongst persons who have distinguished themselves in art, literature, social service, etc?

(a) 2
(b) 5
(c) 12
(d) none

6. The President can declare constitutional emergency in a state

(a) Only on the recommendation of the Union Council of Ministers
(b) Only on the recommendation of the State Council of Ministers
(c) Only on the recommendation of the Governor
(d) If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the constitution

7. In a Parliamentary system the executive is responsible

(a) directly to the people
(b) to the legislature
(c) to the judiciary
(d) None of these

8. Can Parliament amend or modify any of the Fundamental Rights given in the Constitution?

(a) Parliament can do so only after a referendum
(b) Parliament can amend them by special majority
(c) Parliament cannot amend any
(d) Only the President can issue directions to amend them

Answer:

1. (a) B.R. Ambedkar
2. (c) citizenship by acquiring property
3. (b) Habeas Corpus
4. (a) head of state
5. (c) 12
6. (d) If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the constitution
7. (b) to the legislature
8. (b) Parliament can amend them by special majority

Section Three: History


1. Men of the modern type – Homo Sapiens appeared in the

(a) Pleistocene Period
(b) Upper Paleolithic Period
(c) Middle Paleolithic Period
(d) Lower Paleolithic Period

2.Megasthenes visited India during the reign of

(a) Chandragupta II
(b) Chandragupta Maurya
(c) Ashoka
(d) Harsha

3. The Bhakti movement of 16th century had, _____ as one of its leaders.

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Guru Nanak
(c) Annie Besant
(d) Shankacharya

4. The Indian National Movement, upto 1905, was dominated by leaders who have been described as

(a) Parliamentarians
(b) Constitutionalists
(c) Liberal Thinkers
(d) Moderate Nationalists

5. Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding Extremists?

(a) They had deep faith in the strength of the masses
(b) They hated foreign rule
(c) They were convicted that India could progress under the benevolent guidance and control of the English
(d) They pressed for direct political action

6. The secret society of revolutionaries which was organized by V.D. Savakar in 1904 was

(a) Sandhya
(b) Yugantar
(c) Abhinav Bharat
(d) Ghadar

7. Which of the following is in proper chronological order?

(a) Rowlatt Act, Hunter’s Report, Jallianwala Bagh massacre
(b) Hunter’s Report, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre
(c) Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Rowlatt Act, Hunter’s Report
(d) Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Hunters report

8. The Lahore session of the Indian National Congress which declared complete independence as goal of India was presided over by

(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Subhash Chandra Bose
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) None of the above

Answer:

1. (b) Upper Paleolithic Period
2. (b) Chandragupta Maurya
3. (b) Guru Nanak
4. (d) Moderate Nationalists
5. (c) They were convicted that India could progress under the benevolent guidance and control of the English
6. (c) Abhinav Bharat
7. (d) Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Hunters report
8. (c) Jawaharlal Nehru

Section Four: Science


1. The man who first proposed the theory of natural selection for evolution was named

(a) Darwin
(b) Einstein
(c) Hooke
(d) Paseur

2. Which is a unit of electric power?

(a) ampere
(b) Coulomb
(c) Kilowatt
(d) Ohm

3. The foods most likely to give you a large supply of vitamin C are

(a) Citrus fruits
(b) Bananas
(c) Meats
(d) Potatoes

4. Scurvy, the syimtoms of which include bleeding gums, may be prevented by adding to the diet more

(a) Protein
(b) Vitamin A
(c) Vitamin C
(d) Fat

5. When water in a kettle is boiling without its cover

(a) the temperature of the water remains at 100 C
(b) The temperature of the water rises when one-half of the water evaporates
(c) The temperature of the water goes down when one-half of the water evaporates
(d) The pressure in the kettle increases the longer it boils

6. Two unequal masses, falling from the same point above the earth’s surface, would experience the same

(a) air resistance
(b) acceleration
(c) decrease in potential energy
(d) increase in kinetic energy

7. Which vitamin is the “sunshine” vitamin that prevents rickets?

(a) A
(b) B6
(c) D
(d) E

8. The hormone that increases the rate of heartbeat is

(a) adrenaline
(b) insulin
(c) parathormone
(d) prolactin

Answer:

1. (a) Darwin
2. (c) Kilowatt
3. (a) Citrus fruits
4. (c) Vitamin C
5. (a) the temperature of the water remains at 100
6. (b) acceleration
7. (d) E
8. (b) insulin

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


In each of the following questions, there is a certain, relation between two given words on one side of : : and one wore! is given on another side of : : while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.

1. Aeroplane : Cockpit : : Train : ?

(a) Wagon
(b) Coach
(c) Compartment
(d) Engine

2. Jama Masjid : Delhi : : Red Square : ?

(a) Hyderabad
(b) Moscow
(c) New york
(d) Lahore

3. King : Throne : : Rider : ?

(a) Seat
(b) Horse
(c) Saddle
(d) Chair

In each of the following questions, five words have been given, out of which four are alike in some manner and the fifth one is different. 

4. Choose out the odd one. 

(a) Galileo
(b) Copernicus
(c) Columbus
(d) Bhaskara
(e) Aryabhatta

5. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Sambhar
(b) Dal
(c) Baikal
(d) Siachen
(e) Chilka

6. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Konark
(b) Madurai
(c) Ellora
(d) Khajuraho
(e) Dilwara

7. If in a certain language CHARCOAL is coded as 45164913 and MORALE is coded as 296137, how is the following word coded in that language? COLLER

(a) 397758
(b) 497758
(c) 483359
(d) 493376
(e) None of these

8. If in a certain language CHARCOAL is coded as 45164913 and MORALE is coded as 296137, how is the following word coded in that language? MECHRALE

(a) 95378165
(b) 25378195
(c) 27456137
(d) 27386195
(e) Can't be determined

Answer:

1. (d) As the pilot of an aeroplane sits in the cockpit, the driver of a train works in the engine.
2. (b) Jama Masjid is situated in Delhi. Similarly, Red Square is situated in Moscow.
3. (c) A king sits on a throne and a rider on a saddle.
4. (c) All except Columbus were astronomers, while Columbus was an explorer.
5. (d) All except Siachen are take while Siachen is a glacier.
6. (c) All except Ellora are famous for temples; while Ellora is famous for caves.
7. (d) C is coded as 4, O as 9, L as 3, E as 7 and R as 6. So, COLLER is coded as 493376
8. (c) M is coded as 2, E as 7, C as 4 H as 5, R as 6, A as 1 and L as 3. So, MECHRALE is coded as 27456137.

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