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The QUEST - Issue Twenty Two

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


Pick out the most effective pair of works from the given pair of words to make the sentence/sentences meaningfully complete.

1. Inferring attitudes from expressed opinion has many ____. People may ___ their attitude and express socially acceptable opinions.

(a) limitations; conceal
(b) advantages; show
(c) drawbacks ; support
(d) benefits ; avoid
(e) reasons; acknowledge

2. We should move towards a system where the banks can ___ capital in the market with ___ safeguard so that they continue to be public sector banks.

(a) improve; proper
(b) strengthen; durable
(c) raise; adequate
(d) stimulate; effective
(e) provide ; delicate

3. Human Resource Management is an ___ of mind rather than a ____ of techniques.

(a) organisation; quality
(b) attempt; mix
(c) evolution; measure
(d) attitude; set
(e) expertise; collection

Pick out the word that is the most opposite in meaning of the word given in bold.

4. Monotonous

(a) disgusting
(b) pleasing
(c) complete
(d) critics
(e) copious

5. Strife

(a) treaty
(b) conflict
(c) concurrence
(d) accord
(e) resolution

6. Strenuous

(a) slack
(b) confusing
(c) tense
(d) light
(e) retiring

7. Concord

(a) harmony
(b) accord
(c) discord
(d) melody
(e) opposition

8. Complexity

(a) entangled
(b) indifference
(c) unwillingness
(d) simplicity
(e) involved

Answer:

1. (a) limitations : conceal
2. (c) raise : adequate
3. (e) expertise : collection
4. (b) pleasing
5. (c) concurrence
6. (d) tense
7. (c) discord
8. (d) simplicity

Section Two: Civics


1. The Constituent Assembly elected as its permanent chairman

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Rajendra Prasad
(c) B. R. Ambedkar
(d) K.M. Munshi

2. The Constitution of India

(a) provides single citizenship
(b) provides double citizenship
(c) contains no provisions regarding citizenship
(d) provides multiple citizenship

3. Writs can be issued for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights by

(a) the Parliament
(b) the President
(c) the Supreme Court
(d) all these

4. Directive Principles of State Policy are

(a) justiciable
(b) non-justiciable
(c) only some are justiciable
(d) justiciable insofar as they do not conflict with the Fundamental Rights

5. How many members of the Anglo-Indian community can be nominated by the President to Parliament?

(a) 2
(b) 6
(c) 12
(d) As many as the Council Of Ministers recommends

6. The President can declare national emergency only

(a) Only in the event of foreign attack
(b) Only in the event of armed rebellion
(c) Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion
(d) In none of these cases

7. India is a secular State because

(a) all religions are equally protected
(b) state has no religion of its own
(c) there will be no discrimination on grounds of religion or caste
(d) all the above

8. Which one of the following classes cannot avail of some fundamental rights available to citizens?

(a) Enemy aliens
(b) Friendly aliens
(c) All aliens
(d) None of these

Answer:

1. (b) Rajendra Prasad
2. (a) provides single citizenship
3. (c) the Supreme Court
4. (b) non-justiciable
5. (a) 2
6. (c) Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion
7. (d) all the above
8. (c) All aliens

Section Three: History


1. Eminent Tamil poet C. Subramania Bharati was associated with which one of the following movements of the I.N.C?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Surendra Nath Banerjee
(c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(d) C.R. Das

2. Two socio-religious reform movement founded in India in 1875 were

(a) Brahmo Samah and Prarthana samaj
(b) Arya Samaj and Ram Krishna Mission
(c) Theosophical Society and Arya Samaj
(d) Aligarh Movement and Servants of India Society

3. All-India State's Peoples Conference, formed in 1927, Launched the popular movement in

(a) Princely States
(b) British Provinces
(c) Hill Regions
(d) Tribal Areas

4. The term 'Home Rule' was borrowed by Annie Besant from a similar movement in

(a) Russia
(b) France
(c) Ireland
(d) U.S.A

5. Who is popular known as 'the father of revolutionary thought in India'?

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Bipin Chandra Pal
(d) Lala Hardyal

6. Who is regarded as "the father and founder" of the Indian National Congress?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) S.N. Banerjee
(c) A.O. Hume
(d) Pheroze Shah Mehta

7. Raja Ram Mohan tradition was covered on after his death by the radical Bengali youth. What were they know as?

(a) Mohunites
(b) Derozians
(c) Red Shirts
(d) Radical humanists

8. Which of the following leaders was not associated with the Swarajist Party ?

(a) Moti Lal Nehru
(b) C. Rajagopalachari
(c) C.R. Das
(d) N.C. Kelkar

Answer:

1. (a) Dadabhai Naoroji
2. (c) Theosophical Society and Arya Samaj
3. (a) Princely States
4. (c) Ireland
5. (c) Bipin Chandra Pal
6. (c) A.O. Hume
7. (b) Derozians
8. (b) C. Rajagopalachari

Section Four: Science


1. Sodium and potassium are never found free in nature because

(a) they are too light
(b) they are too heavy
(c) they are strongly electronegative
(d) They are powerful reducing agents and very reactive

2. The liquid portion of whole blood is called

(a) serum
(b) lymph
(c) plasma
(d) water

3. Acupuncture is

(a) an ancient Chinese system of medicine
(b) a modern method of digging deep wells
(c) an ancient Greek system of medicine
(d) the method of curing cancer by a computer

4. “ALGOL’ is a term used in connection with

(a) medical sciences
(b) space sciences
(c) computers
(d) quantum mechanics

5. Deficiency of blood is known as

(a) amnesia
(b) anemia
(c) insomnia
(d) infection

6. Deficiency of iron in the diet causes

(a) Anemia
(b) gour
(c) reckets
(d) beri-beri

7. Which of these conditions can cause anemia?

(a) Massive bleeding
(b) Iron deficiency
(c) Deficiency of vitamin B complex
(d) all of these

8. Which is true of flutes? The sound is produced by vibrating

(a) lips
(b) reeds
(c) wood
(d) columns of air

Answer:

1. (d) They are powerful reducing agents and very reactive
2. (b) lymph
3. (a) an ancient Chinese system of medicine
4. (c) computers
5. (a) amnesia
6. (a) Anemia
7. (b) Iron deficiency
8. (b) reeds

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


In each of the following questions, there is a certain, relation between two given words on one side of : : and one wore! is given on another side of : : while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.

1. Taxonomy : Classification : : Pedology : ?

(a) Nature
(b) Farming
(c) Soil
(d) Mountain

2. Nightingale : Warble : : Frog : ?

(a) Yelp
(b) Croak
(c) Cackle
(d) Squeak

3. Rondo : Music : : Lay : ?

(a) Song
(b) Poem
(c) Lyric
(d) Story

In each of the following questions, five words have been given, out of which four are alike in some manner and the fifth one is different.

4. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Dispur
(b) Panaji
(c) Shimla
(d) Leh
(e) Aizawl

5. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Granite
(b) Lignite
(c) Peat
(d) Anthracite
(e) Bituminous

6. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Gasoline
(b) Methane
(c) Asphalt
(d) Paraffin wax
(e) Diesel

7. If in a certain language CHARCOAL is coded as 45164913 and MORALE is coded as 296137, how is the following word coded in that language? COACH

(a) 38137
(b) 49148
(c) 48246
(d) 49145
(e) None of these

8. If in a certain language CHARCOAL is coded as 45164913 and MORALE is coded as 296137, how is the following word coded in that language? ALLOCHRE

(a) 19943785
(b) 13394567
(c) 16693895
(d) 13396875
(e) None of these

Answer:

1. (c) Taxonomy is the science dealing with classification. Similarly, pedology deals with study of soils.
2. (b) Second is the sound produced by the first.
3. (a) Rondo is a type of music and lay is a type of song.
4. (d) All except Leh are capital of some or the other state, while Leh is a hill station.
5. (a) All except Granite are different types of coal while granite is a rock.
6. (b) All except Methane are products obtained from petroleum.
7. (d) C is coded as 4, 0 as 9, A as 1 and H as 5. So, COACH is coded as 49145.
8. (b) A is coded as 1, L as 3, O as 9, C as 4, H as 5, R as 6 and E as 7. So ALLOCHRE is coded as 13394567.

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