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The QUEST - Issue Twenty One

Welcome to this issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


Pick out the most effective pair of works from the given pair of words to make the sentence/sentences meaningfully complete.

1. Nothing is impossible in the world of politics. States which were ____ foes and had their deadly missiles pointed at each other find themselves ____ in military alliances.

(a) implacable : partners
(b) intense : joining
(c) deadly : approaching
(d) Known : soliciting
(e) enviable : grouping

2. _____ of whether leaders are born or made, it is ____ clear that leaders are not like others people.

(a) Pursuant : manifestly
(b) Sequel : amply
(c) Regardless : unequivocally
(d) Instead : purely
(e) In spite : normally

3. There is a common talk today that women have made the ___ in many professions; that they have total freedom of opportunity. But the majority of women are still left ____ at their goals and ambitions through an almost unbreakable glass ceiling.

(a) entry : inward
(b) grade : gazing
(c) progress : trying
(d) mark : projecting
(e) achievement : wondering

Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the given words.

4. Pedantic

(a) Exceptional
(b) Ignorant
(c) Singular
(d) Gentle
(e) Prophetic

5. Serene

(a) Placid
(b) Indignant
(c) Profound
(d) Disturbed

6. Torpid

(a) Alert
(b) Indolent
(c) Pitiable
(d) Composed
(e) Momentary

7. Luminous

(a) Delectable
(b) Lucid
(c) Distasteful
(d) Composed
(e) Momentary

8. Innate

(a) Congenital
(b) Culpable
(c) Acquired
(d) Curious
(e) Crazy

Answer:

1. (a) implacable; partners
2. (c) Regardless; unequivocally
3. (b) grade; gazing
4. (d) Gentle
5. (d) Disturbed
6. (a) Alert
7. (c) Distasteful
8. (c) Acquired

Section Two: Civics


1. The members of the UPSC hold office

(a) during the pleasure of the President
(b) as long as the enjoy the confidence of Parliament
(c) for life, or till they attain age of 70 years
(d) for a term of six years of till they attain the age of 65 years

2. The Attorney General of India is appointed by

(a) the Chief Justice of India
(b) the President on the advice of the Chief justice of India
(c) the President
(d) the Parliament

3. The Election Commission enjoys

(a) a Constitutional basis
(b) a Statutory basis
(c) no Constitutional or Statutory basis and is essentially an extra constitutional growth
(d) none of these

4. The members of the Council of Ministers are appointed by the

(a) President
(b) Prime Minister
(c) President on the advice of the Cabinet
(d) President on the advice of the Prime Minister

5. The regional languages recognized by the Constitution have been specified in

(a) Schedule IV
(b) Schedule VI
(c) Schedule VII
(d) Schedule VIII

6. Which of the following words was added into the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976?

(a) Socialist
(b) Sovereign
(c) Federal
(d) Republic

7. Which important human right is protected in Article 21 of the Constitution of India?

(a) Right to Equality
(b) Right to life and liberty
(c) Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression
(d) Right to Freedom of Religion

8. From which Constitution was the Concept of a Five Year Plan borrowed into the Indian Constitution?

(a) Ireland
(b) USA
(c) USSR
(d) UK

Answer:

1. (d) for a term of six years of till they attain the age of 65 years
2. (c) the President
3. (a) a Constitutional basis
4. (d) President on the advice of the Prime Minister
5. (d) Schedule VIII
6. (a) Socialist
7. (b) Right to life and liberty
8. (c) USSR

Section Three: History


1. During the second phase of colonialism (1885-1905) a number of repressive measure were adopted during the rule of:

(a) Lord Lytton
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Rippon
(d) Lord Cornwallis
(e) none of these

2. Who threw two bombs on the floor of the Central Assembly in New Delhi on April 8, 1929?

(a) Bhagat Singh
(b) Batukeshwar Dutt
(c) Raj Guru
(d) Both (a) and (b) above

3. The main agenda of the Round Table Conferences was to

(a) Find a solution to the Communal problem
(b) Frame a unanimously agreed constitution
(c) Consider the White Paper on Constitutional Reforms
(d) Discuss the Simon Commission Report

4. Two Boundary Commission set up (one for the partition of Bengal and the other foe the partition of Punjab) were headed by

(a) Mountbatten
(b) Cyril Radcliffe
(c) Pethic Lawrence
(d) A. V. Alexander

5. The Servants of India Society was founded in 1905 by

(a) B. G. Tilak
(b) Lala Lajpat Rai
(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(d) Aurobindo Ghosh

6. Who did Mahatma Gandhi recognize as his political Guru?

(a) Pheroze Shah Mehta
(b) B. G. Tilak
(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

7. Who composed the song 'Sare Jahan Se Achha Hindostan Hamara'?

(a) Mohammad Iqbal
(b) Josh Malihabadi
(c) Bhagat Singh
(d) Chandra Shekhar 'Azad'

8. The Communist Party of India was founded in 1920 by

(a) Hiren Mukherjee
(b) S.M. Joshi
(c) M.N. Roy
(d) R.P. Dutt

Answer:

1. (a) Lord Lytton
2. (d) Both (a) and (b) above
3. (d) Discuss the Simon Commission Report
4. (b) Cyril Radcliffe
5. (c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
6. (c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
7. (a) Mohammad Iqbal
8. (a) Hiren Mukherjee

Section Four: Science


1. An atom is:

(a) a bundle of energy
(b) a single metal
(c) an electric charge
(d) the smallest part of an element

2. Bromine is:

(a) a colourless gas insoluble in water
(b) lighter than air
(c) a highly inflammable gas
(d) a red liquid

3. Electrolysis may be best defied as

(a) a physical change produced by an electric current
(b) a chemical decomposition of a solution by an electric current
(c) passage of an electric current through and electrolyte
(d) formation of ions

4. Which of the following reacts most readily with water?

(a) silver
(b) lead
(c) sodium
(d) potassium

5. Petrol is

(a) a carbohydrate
(b) a compound
(c) a hydrocarbon
(d) a mixture of hydrocarbons

6. Hard water

(a) will not give a lather with a small amount of soap solution
(b) Is good for irrigation
(c) Contains chlorides, sulphates and bicarbonates
(d) Gives a precipitate in boiling always

7. From which ore may aluminum be obtained?

(a) galena
(b) cinnbar
(c) bauxite
(d) dolomite

8. A common ore of manganese is

(a) galena
(b) bauxite
(c) pyrolusite
(d) dolomite

Answer:

1. (d) the smallest part of an element
2. (d) a red liquid
3. (b) a chemical decomposition of a solution by an electric current
4. (c) sodium
5. (c) a hydrocarbon
6. (c) Contains chlorides, sulphates and bicarbonates
7. (c) bauxite
8. (a) galena

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


In each of the following questions, there is a certain, relation between two given words on one side of : : and one word is given on another side of : : while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.

1. Proteins : Growth : : Carbohydrates :?

(a) Energy
(b) Strength
(c) Resistance
(d) Diseases

2. Cells : Tissues : : Atoms :?

(a) Elements
(b) Molecules
(c) Electron
(d) Organs

3. Girl : Beautiful : : Boy :?

(a) Smart
(b) Heroic
(c) Courageous
(d) Handsome

4. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Wise
(b) Gentle
(c) Honest
(d) Rude
(e) Arrogance

5. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Pituitary
(b) Pancreas
(c) Thalamus
(d) Adrenal
(e) Testis

6. Choose out the odd one.

(a) Nun
(b) Knight
(c) Monk
(d) Priest
(e) Padre

7. If in a certain language PEARL is coded as SHDUO, how is COVET coded in that code?

(a) FRXHV
(b) EQXHV
(c) FRYHW
(d) FNYDW
(e) ELXHU

8. If in a certain language EXIST is coded as ESIXT, how is PLUTO coded in that code?

(a) OLUTP
(b) PTUOL
(c) PULTO
(d) PTULO
(e) TULPO

Answer:

1. (a) Proteins are essential for growth. Similarly; carbohydrates are essential for providing energy
2. (b) Cells constitute tissues and atoms constitute molecules
3. (d) 'Beautiful' describes the quality of prettiness in girls while 'handsome’ describes the quality of prettiness in boys
4. (e) All except Arrogance are adjectives, while arrogance is a noun
5. (c) All except Thalamus are hormone secreting glands
6. (b) All except Knight are religious persons, while knight is a warrior
7. (c) Each letter in the code is two ahead than the corresponding letter in the word
8. (d) In the code the middle three letters are put in the reverse order

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