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The QUEST - Issue Nineteen

Welcome to the nineteenth issue of The QUEST - a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English


Pick out the most effective pair of words from the given pair of words to make the sentence meaningfully complete.

1. Nothing is impossible in the world of politics. States which were ____ foes and had their deadly missiles pointed at each other find themselves ____ in military alliances.

(a) implacable; partners
(b) intense; joining
(c) deadly; approaching
(d) Known; soliciting
(e) enviable; grouping

2. _____ of whether leaders are born or made, it is ____ clear that leaders are not like others people.

(a) Pursuant; manifestly
(b) Sequel; amply
(c) Regardless; unequivocally
(d) Instead; purely
(e) In spite; normally

3. There is a common talk today that women have made the ___ in many professions; that they have total freedom of opportunity. But the majority of women are still left ____ at their goals and ambitions through an almost unbreakable glass ceiling.

(a) entry; inward
(b) grade; gazing
(c) progress; trying
(d) mark; projecting
(e) achievement; wondering

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Predicament

(a) Plight
(b) Zransfer
(c) Demanding
(d) Sorrowful

5. Repress

(a) Suppress
(b) Repeat
(c) Reassert
(d) Rely

6. Solitary

(a) Solid
(b) Single
(c) Different
(d) Lonely

Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given.

7. Pedantic

(a) Exceptional
(b) Ignorant
(c) Singular
(d) Gentle
(e) Prophetic

8. Serene

(a) Placid
(b) Indignant
(c) Profound
(d) Distrubed

Answer:

1. (a) implacable; partners
2. (c) Regardless; unequivocally
3. (b) grade; gazing
4. (a) Plight
5. (a) Suppress
6. (d) Lonely
7. (d) Gentle
8. (d) Distrubed

Section Two: Civics


1. The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house but

(a) one-third of its members retire every two years
(b) one – half of its members retire every three years
(c) one-half of its members retire every year
(d) one-half of its members retire every two years

2. The Supreme Court of India consists of a Chief Justice and

(a) 7 judges
(b) 9 judges
(c) 11 judges
(d) 25 judges

3. The Supreme Court of India is a court of record which implies that

(a) it has to keep a record of all its decisions
(b) all its decisions have evidentiary value and cannot be questioned in any court
(c) it has the power to punish for its contempt
(d) both (b) and (c)

4. The advice of the Supreme court is

(a) not binding on the President
(b) binding on the President
(c) binding on the President if it is tendered unanimously
(d) binding in certain cases and not binding in others

5. The Legislative Council in a state can be abolished by Parliament on the recommendation of

(a) the Governor
(b) the state legislative assembly
(c) the President
(d) none of these

6. Money bills can be introduced in the state legislature with the prior consent of

(a) the Speaker
(b) the Chief minister
(c) the Governor
(d) the President

7. Can there be a common high court for two or more states?

(a) Yes
(b) No
(c) Only during a national emergency
(d) Only during financial emergency

8. Judges can be removed from office before expiry of their term by the President

(a) at his discretion
(b) on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the high court
(c) on the recommendation of the Chief Minister of the state
(d) on a request of Parliament made through a resolution passed by a two-third majority of its member

Answer:

1. (a) one-third of its members retire every two years
2. (d) 25 judges
3. (d) both (b) and (c)
4. (a) not binding on the President
5. (b) the state legislative assembly
6. (c) the Governor
7. (a) Yes
8. (d) on a request of Parliament made through a resolution passed by a two-third majority of its member

Section Three: History


1. The Indian Muslim League was founded in:

(a) 1902
(b) 1906
(c) 1909
(d) 1916

2. The Nehru Committee in its report of August 1928 recommended for India

(a) Complete Independence
(b) Dominion status
(c) Sovereign Republican system
(d) None of the above

3. The Third Round Table Conference was held in 1932 at:

(a) London
(b) Simla
(c) Lahore
(d) Calcutta

4. Cripps Mission came to India in:

(a) 1928
(b) 1940
(c) 1942
(d) 1945

5. The Congress Working Committee adopted the "Quit India Resolution" at its meeting held in July 1942 at

(a) Wardha
(b) Bombay
(c) Nagpur
(d) Calcutta

6. The Cabinet Mission suggested the creation of a Constituent Assembly consisting of:

(a) 389 members
(b) 360 members
(c) 450 members
(d) 296 members

7. The Interim Government which was formed on 14 August 1946 was headed by;

(a) Sardar Vallabhai Patel
(b) G. B. Pant
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

8. Lord Mountbatten announced a plan for the solution of the Indian problem in:

(a) June 1947
(b) August 1947
(c) January 1947
(d) August 1946

Answer:

1. (b) 1906
2. (b) Dominion status
3. (a) London
4. (c) 1942
5. (a) Wardha
6. (a) 389 members
7. (d) Jawaharlal Nehru
8. (a) June 1947

Section Four: Science


1. Heat is transferred in a liquid by:

(a) Conduction
(b) Convection
(c) Radiation
(d) Conduction and radiation

2. Heat travels through a vacuum by:

(a) conduction only
(b) convection only
(c) radiation only
(d) conduction and convection

3. A thermos flask ensures that a hot liquid cools very slowly. The flask is designed to minimise the loss of heat by:

(a) conduction only
(b) convection only
(c) radiation only
(d) conduction, convection and radiation

4. Which of the following must be present if iron is to rust?

(a) Air
(b) Oxygen
(c) Water
(d) Air and water

5. The most convenient way to show that the atmosphere exerts a pressure is to:

(a) evacuate a can
(b) Make a simple barometer
(c) Climb a mountain
(d) Measure the value of the acceleration due to gravity.

6. An electric current is conducted through a solution by:

(a) electrons
(b) positive ions only
(c) negative ions only
(d) both positive and negative ions

7. The core of an electromagnet should be made from:

(a) aluminum
(b) copper
(c) soft iron
(d) steel.

8. The weight of a body is the same as the :

(a) mass of the body
(b) acceleration of the body
(c) gravitational force on the body
(d) composition of the body

Answer:

1. (b) Convection
2. (c) radiation only
3. (b) convection only
4. (d) Air and water
5. (a) evacuate a can
6. (d) both positive and negative ions
7. (c) soft iron
8. (c) gravitational force on the body

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning


1. Introducing a man to her husband, a woman said his brother's father is the only son of my grandfather. How is the woman related to this man?

(a) Mother
(b) Aunt
(c) Sister
(d) Daughter
(e) Grandmother

2. Pointing out to a lady a girl said, 'She is the daughter-in-law of the grand mother of my father's only son. How is the lady related to the girl?

(a) Sister-in-law
(b) Mother
(c) Aunt
(d) Mother-in-law
(e) Cousin

3. In a certain language HUNTER is coded as UHNTRE, how is MANAGE coded in that code?

(a) MAANGE
(b) MNAAEG
(c) AMNAEG
(d) EGNAAM
(e) NMAAGE

4. If RAMAYANA is coded as AMARANAY how is TULSIDAS written?

(a) SLUTSADI
(b) UTSLIDSA
(c) SADISLUT
(d) SADITULS
(e) IDASTULS

5. If CANOE is coded as IFRRG, how is MUSIC written in that code?

(a) NEVNI
(b) MWVMH
(c) NTULB
(d) QYWMG
(e) SZWLE

6. 18, 36, 54, 72, 90, (_____)

(a) 106
(b) 98
(c) 108
(d) 112

7. 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, (_____)

(a) 18
(b) 20
(c) 22
(d) 25

8.1, 8, 27, 64, 125, 216, (_____)

(a) 354
(b) 343
(c) 392
(d) 245

Answer:

1. (c) Only son of her grandfather - her father; man's brother's father - man's father. So, man's father is her father i.e. she is the man's sister.
2. (b) My father's only son - My brother; Grandmother of my brother - My grandmother; Daughter- in-law of my grandmother - My mother. So, the lady is girl's mother.
3. (c) In the code, the middle two letters are kept unchanged, while on either side every two letters are mutually reversed in order.,
4. (a) In the code, the first four letters are reversed in arrangement and the last four letters are reversed in arrangement.
5. (e) In the code, the first letter is the sixth alphabet the second letter is the fifth alphabet the third letter is the fourth alphabet and so on after the corresponding letter in the word.
6. (c) The sequence is 18 x l,18 x 2,18 x 3, 18 x 4, 18 x 5,.....Missing number =18 x 6 =108.
7. (c) The difference between consecutive numbers increases by 1. Thus, the sequence is + 2, + 3, + 4, + 5,_____ Missing number =16 + 6 =22.
8. (b) The numbers are 13, 23, 33, 43, 53, 63. Missing number = 73 = 343.

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