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Q1. I am using Windows 98 second edition. I want to change to windows 2000 professional so want to know which are the special features which we can manage with Windows 2000 and not with Windows 98.

Q2. What is the process of reinstalling windows98?

Q3. What are the main differences in Windows XP home edition and Windows XP professional version?

Q4. Can we keep Windows 98 and XP both operating systems installed on the same system, so that when we boot the machine it asks us the OS on which we want to run the machine?

Q5. How much space will windows XP will take on the Hard disk and what size is that of its installation CD? Please tell about both home and professional version

Q6. Will jaws 4.02, work well with Windows XP Professional ? Would there be any compatibility problems?

Q7. How do I set up Windows XP for optimal JAWS use?

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Q1. I am using Windows 98 second edition. I want to change to windows 2000 professional so want to know which are the special features which we can manage with Windows 2000 and not with Windows 98.

Windows 98 and 2000 are two different operating systems altogether.

For home use, windows 98 should be more than enough. You may not want to change to Windows 2000 unless you have any specific requirement. Moreover, you may have to buy a separate version of screen reader if you are using one.

Windows 2000 is a networking oriented operating system. In other words, you can easily setup a network where one PC works as a server. The other PCs are called clients and get info from the server. Windows 98 is designed to be a stand alone operating system. Although it can be used as a client too.

Also, Windows2000 has some special features such as the support for off-line which makes keeping files synchronized between say a lap top and a desk top very easy.

Windows 2000 systems are mainly needed for activities related to computer network management. Windows 98 systems can work on computer networks, but they can not manage computer networks.

You can restrict access to your directories by protecting them by passwords so that limited users or only you have access to them. It is useful to those programmers who program for computer networks or websites. Current version of visual studio (visual Studio .Net) can only be installed on windows 2000, windows XP and windows.Net server the upcoming version of the windows 2000 server family. Since windows 2000 also has protected operating system code space, it will be stable even if you get some badly written application, it will not crash the system, just the application will crash. System can crash however, if the application installs some drivers which do not have Microsoft certification of reliability, Windows will warn you about it.

The Windows 2000 starts late but it is worth the time when you find that many software’s run faster then they would in windows 98. This is because as Microsoft says ‘The 2000 and XP have an optimised system of running the softwares’. There are many services that get started due to the service manager like the internet service as a result of this the net does not take time to start.

Plus you get all the features for managing the networks such as SMTP server, POP server, Internet Information Server (IIS) which is a web server that is used to host and create websites. There are lot of other features, for more details check the Microsoft website. Http://www.microsoft.com.

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Q2. What is the process of reinstalling windows98? There are two ways of doing it a dirty reinstall and a clean reinstall.

A dirty reinstall is a quick fix solution where you just reinstall windows over your existing installation. A clean reinstall is where you delete the windows directory and do a clean reinstall. For system stability, I suggest that you do a clean reinstall.

1. Back up your data just in case. Also, create a Win98 start up disk from the add remove applet in the Win98 control panel. Most importantly, get competent sighted assistance.

2. Remove screen reader and other adaptive software authorization keys via the respective software's key removal procedure.

3. insert the win98 installation CD and start up disk into their respective drives and reboot.

4. remove the windows and the "program files" folders. The easiest way to do this is with the deltree command.

5. start Win98's set up program from the CD. You will have no speech during the set up process.<

Note:

After a clean reinstall, you will need to reinstall all programs. Also, do not forget to run windows update and install whatever updates you want and also update your anti-virus software.

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Q3. What are the main differences in Windows XP home edition and Windows XP professional version?

Professional has more networking features than Home. Go tohttp://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/default.mspx for feature comparison.

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Q4. Can we keep Windows 98 and XP both operating systems installed on the same system, so that when we boot the machine it asks us the OS on which we want to run the machine?

The installation program of Windows XP gives you an option to either upgrade the existing version of windows or install XP separately. Don't worry about the multi-boot aspect. Windows XP will take care of it. You can also modify the booting options like default operating system, etc in Windows XP.

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Q5. How much space will windows XP will take on the Hard disk and what size is that of its installation CD? Please tell about both home and professional version.

The software comes on 1 CD and both home and professional version require at least 1 to 1.5 GB space.

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Q6. Will jaws 4.02, work well with Windows XP Professional ? Would there be any compatibility problems?

4.02 officially supports Windows XP. In fact, 4.02 patch was released to support Windows XP.

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Q7. How do I set up Windows XP for optimal JAWS use?

Most of the following information is also in JAWS 4.5 help topics under: Using JAWS, Installing JAWS, Operating System Considerations, Windows XP and JAWS.

To make these changes in Windows XP Pro, you must be logged in with administrator rights.

Quick method:

A. Display Properties.

1. On the Themes page: Windows XP (modified by default).

2. Desktop page: Background should be Bliss, Position should be Stretch.

3. Screen Saver Page: None

4. Appearance Page: Combo box, Windows Classic Style, Scheme at Windows Standard, Font at Normal.

B. Folder Options:(Either from Control Panel or Windows Explorer)

Set to Windows Classic style, set all folders to look the same from the View page.

Detailed method:

A. Display Properties

1. Press the WINDOWS KEY to open the Start Menu, move to Control Panel, and press ENTER.

2. Press TAB twice. You should hear, "Switch to classic view, button."

3. Press SPACEBAR. This changes Control Panel to classic view.

4. Press D until Display is selected, and press ENTER.

5. On the Themes page in the Theme combo box, change the setting to "Windows XP."

6. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Desktop page. In the List of backgrounds, choose "Bliss." Press TAB twice to move to the "Position" combo box. This should be set to "Stretch."

7. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the third page, Screen Saver.

8. The Screen Saver combo box should be active. Press HOME to change this to "(None)."

9. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the fourth page, Appearance. the Windows and Buttons combo box should be active. Set this to Windows Classic Style.

10. Press TAB to move to the next control, the Color Scheme combo box. Set this to Windows Standard. Press TAB one more time to move to the Font Size combo box. Make sure that the Font is set to "normal."

11. Press ALT+E to activate the "Effects" button. A 3 state button is active; it is labeled "Use the following transition effect for menus and tool tips." Press SPACEBAR to change this to say "3-state button, not checked."

12. Press TAB to move to the checkbox "Hide Underlined letters for keyboard navigation until I press the ALT key." Press SPACEBAR to clear this check box. (This is only required for versions of JAWS prior to version 4.5.)

13. Press ENTER to close this dialog and you return to the Appearance page.

NOTE: these changes have now caused the Themes page Themes combo box to say "Modified Theme."

14. Press ENTER to return to Control Panel.

B. Changes in Control Panel and Folder Options.

1. Press ALT+V, D to change to Detail view.

2. Press ALT+T to open the Tools menu.

3. Press O for Folder Options.

4. The "Tasks" radio button group is active. Press DOWN ARROW to choose "Use Windows Classic Folders."

5. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the View page.

6. [OPTIONAL] Press TAB twice to move to the Advanced Settings tree view.

7. [OPTIONAL] Press DOWN ARROW to move to "Hide extensions for known file types," and press SPACEBAR to clear the check box.

8. [OPTIONAL] Press DOWN ARROW to move to "Show pop-up description for folder and desktop items," and press SPACEBAR to clear the check box.

9. Press TAB several times until you move to the "Apply to All Folders" button and press SPACEBAR.

10. Answer Yes to the dialog that comes up to acknowledge this change.

11. Press TAB to move to the OK button in the Folder Options dialog box and press SPACEBAR to close this dialog box.

C. Start Menu

1. Press WINDOWS KEY+D, TAB to the Start button, and press the APPLICATIONS KEY. Move to Properties and press ENTER.

2. In the group of radio buttons, Press DOWN ARROW to "Classic start menu."

3. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Taskbar page. Press ALT+G to move to and uncheck the "Group similar taskbar buttons" checkbox.

4. Press ALT+H to move to and uncheck the check box for "Hide inactive icons."

5. Press ENTER to close this dialog box.

D. Windows Explorer

1. Press WINDOWS KEY+E to open Windows Explorer. My Computer is selected. Move to your local hard drive in the tree view.

2. Press ALT+V to open the View menu. Move to the "Arrange Icons by" submenu. Move to the menu item "Name" to arrange by Name. Press ENTER to select this and close the menus.

3. Press ALT+V to open the View menu again. Move to the "Arrange Icons by" submenu again. Move to the item "Show in Groups." If it is checked, press ENTER to uncheck it and close the menus. If it is not checked, press ALT to close the menus.

4. Press ALT+T to open the Tools menu.

5. Press O to open the Folder Options dialog box.

6. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the View page. Press SPACEBAR to activate the "Apply to All Folders" button and press SPACEBAR on the YES button to acknowledge this change.

7. Press TAB several times to move to the OK button in the Folder Options dialog box and press SPACEBAR to close this dialog box.

E. Turning off the Language Bar. (Only required for versions of JAWS prior to version 4.5.)

1. Select Start, Settings, Control Panel. Move to Regional and Language Options, and press ENTER.

2. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Languages page.

3. Press SPACEBAR on the "Details" button. A new dialog box opens, "Text Services and Input Languages."

4. TAB to the Language Bar Button and press SPACEBAR.

5. Another dialog box opens, "Language Bar Settings," and a checkbox "Show the Language Bar on the desktop" is active, and is probably checked. Press SPACEBAR to clear this check box.

6. Press ENTER to activate the OK button, and return to the "Text Services and Input Languages" dialog box.

7. TAB to the OK button and press SPACEBAR.

F. System Performance, to eliminate Visual Effects.

1. Select Start, Settings, Control Panel. Move to System and press ENTER. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Advanced page.

2. Press ALT+S to activate the Performance Settings button. The "Performance Options" dialog box opens.

3. Press TAB to move to the list of checkboxes.

4. If any of the following are checked, uncheck them:

A. Animate Windows when Minimizing and Maximizing.
B. Fade or Slide Menus into View.
C. Fade or Slide Tooltips into View.
D. Fade out Menu Items after Clicking.
E. Show Shadows under Menus.
F. Show Shadows under Mouse Pointer.
G. Slide Open Combo Boxes.
H. Slide Taskbar Buttons.
I. Smooth-scroll List Boxes.
J. Use Visual

Styles on Windows and Buttons.

5. Press ENTER to close the Performance Options dialog and return to the System Properties dialog box.

6. Press ENTER to activate the OK button and close the System Properties dialog box.

OR

This topic discusses settings changes we recommend you make when using JAWS 5.10 and above in Windows XP Home or Professional. You must be logged in with administrative rights to make several of these changes

Many of these settings are changed within Control Panel. To open Control Panel, press the WINDOWS KEY to open the Start Menu, move to Control Panel, and press ENTER. Depending on your system settings, Control Panel either opens in a separate window, or the Control Panel items open as a sub-menu.

We recommend making changes in the following areas:

Display Properties

1. From the Control Panel, move to "Display" and press Enter.
2. From the themes combo box, select Windows XP.
3. In the List of backgrounds on the Desktop page, choose Bliss.
4. Set Position to "Stretch."
5. In the Screen Saver combo box on the Screen Saver page, press HOME to select none.
6. On the Appearance page, set Windows and Buttons to Windows classic style.
7. Set Color Scheme to Windows Standard.
8. Set Font to normal.
9. Close the dialog.

Folder Options

  1. From the Control Panel, press ALT+T to go to the Tools menu.
  2. Press O for Folder Options.
  3. From the Tasks radio button group, select Use Windows Classic folders.
  4. (Optional):
    1. On the View page, move to the Advanced Settings tree view.
    2. Clear the Hide Extensions For Known File Types check box.
    3. If you also use screen magnification software, clear the Show pop-up description for folder and desktop items check box. Pop up descriptions often hides the menu item just below any given menu item, making it impossible to visually see the next item in the menu list.
    4. Move to the Apply to All Folders button and press SPACEBAR.
    5. Select Yes in the dialog that opens to acknowledge this change.
  5. Move to the OK button in the Folder Options dialog box and press SPACEBAR to close this dialog box.

start Menu

  1. From Control Panel, Move to Taskbar and Start menu and press ENTER.
  2. From the Taskbar page, press ALT+G to move to and uncheck Group Similar Taskbar Buttons.
  3. Press ALT+H to move to and uncheck the check box for Hide inactive icons.
  4. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Start Menu page.
  5. Select Classic start menu.
  6. Press ENTER to close this dialog box.

Windows Explorer

  1. Press WINDOWS KEY+E to open Windows Explorer.
  2. Press ALT+V to open the View menu.
  3. Select "Arrange Icons by" and press ENTER to open the submenu.
  4. Move to the menu item "Name" to arrange by Name, and Press ENTER to select this and close the menus.
  5. Repeat steps 2 and 3, and move to the item "Show in Groups." If it is checked, press ENTER to uncheck it and close the menus.
  6. Press ALT+T to open the Tools menu.
  7. Press O to open the Folder Options Dialog.
  8. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the View page.
  9. Press SPACEBAR to activate the "Apply to all folders" button, and press SPACEBAR on the YES button to acknowledge this change.
  10. Move to the OK button and press SPACEBAR to close this dialog box.

System Performance

  1. From the Control Panel, move to System and press ENTER to open the System Properties Dialog.
  2. Press CTRL+TAB to move to the Advanced page.
  3. Press ALT+S to activate the Performance Settings button. The Performance Options Dialog opens.
  4. Clear the following check boxes:
    • Animate Windows when Minimizing and Maximizing.
    • Slide open Combo Boxes.
    • Smooth-scroll List Boxes.
    • Use Visual Styles on Windows and Buttons.
  5. Press ENTER to close the Performance Options dialog and return to the System Properties dialog box.
  6. Press ENTER to activate the OK button and close the System Properties dialog box.

The answer to this question has been taken from a section in JAWS Help.

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