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Q1. Whenever I am executing the thorough Scandisk function, it starts all over again after scanning for 20% or 30% it goes back to 0% scanned this keeps repeating. What could be the reason for this and what is its solution? Do I need to reinstall operating system again?

Q2. What are Registry cleaning utilities and how do I use them? Also, let me know from where can I get them. How long does it take for a thorough Scan?

Q3. What steps should one follow before performing  the ScanDisk Function in Windows 95/98?

Q4. How to perform Scandisk in Windows 95/98?

Q5. In Windows2000 Professional how to detect and repair disk errors?

Q1. Whenever I am performing the thorough Scandisk, it starts all over again after scanning for 20% or 30% it goes back to 0% scanned this keeps repeating. What could be the reason for this and what is its solution? Do I need to reinstall operating system again?

Although you have closed Jaws or any other application, there may be a number of background processes running on your system. They include applications in the system tray and other processes which start with Windows. You should close them before you can do scandisk.

However, shutting down these processes is not an easy task in win 98. You may want to use a program called EndItAll which will first display a list of running applications and gives you the option of terminating any application you want. You can also protect an application or process by indicating to EndItAll. For example, you might not want to shut down Jaws. I use EndItAll to close all applications before I do any sort of system maintenance. You can download EndItAll from the JFWLite site.

You can also try running scandisk in safe mode.

I think re-installing Windows is a last alternative. You can do a lot of things before going for a re-install. You can perform a disk defragmentation and see if you notice any improvement. You can also try some registry cleaning utilities.

Or you can also try System file checker which can repair corrupted windows system files and get the deleted windows system file also.

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Q2. What are Registry cleaning utilities and how do I use them? Also, let me know from where can I get them. How long does it take for a thorough Scan?

There are basically two utilities you can use. The first is Microsoft RegClean utility which does a pretty decent job. The second one called RegCleaner is a powerful cleaner. After you install RegCleaner, you will have a menu option called something like "Do them all" which will show you a list of invalid entries in the registry. You can safely delete all those invalid entries. I advice you to use Microsoft Regclean first. RegCleaner's interface is a bit confusing and there is a good possibility that you may delete a most crucial registry entry, so it is advisable to take sighted assistance.

Description of RegClean:

This utility cleans your Registry of unnecessary entries that were created when you installed or uninstalled programs on your computer. This release of the utility fixes a few problems and creates an "undo.reg" file so that you can undo changes you inadvertently make to the Registry.

Note: Although this program still works, it is no longer supported by Microsoft.

Description of RegCleaner:

RegCleaner is an easy to use program. With RegCleaner you can easily get rid of those old and obsolete registry entries created by software that you have destroyed ages ago.

You can download RegCleaner from the link mentioned below:

http://www.worldstart.com/weekly-download/archives/reg- cleaner4.3.htm

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Q3. What steps should one follow before going to perform the ScanDisk Function in Windows 95/98?

There are some programs running in background which may interfere with scandisk function. So the following steps will speed up the scanning function -

1. Turn off the screen saver by going in the screen saver tab of Properties and select the screen saver as none, or increase the start time for screen saver.

2. There only select the option of "never turn off hard disk"

3. Also pause your task scheduler, which may have any schedule to run at that time.

4. If you have installed Norton Utilities, turn it off first.

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Q4. How to perform Scandisk in Windows 95/98?

To run ScanDisk on your system, follow the instructions as outlined below:

For Windows 95/98

Exit all open programs and perform the following steps:
Go to start menu
Go to Programs
Go to Accessories
Go to System Tools
Choose ScanDisk
Highlight the drive to be scanned,
Hit the button for ScanDisk to start.

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Q5. In Windows2000 Professional how to Detect and repair disk errors?

You can use the Error-checking tool to check for file system errors and bad sectors on your hard disk.

1. Open My Computer, and select the local disk you want to check.
2. On the File menu, click Properties.
3. Click the Tools tab.
4. Under Error-checking, click Check Now.
5. Under Check disk options, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box.

Notes:

To open My Computer, double -click My Computer or Tab your way to My Computer icon on the desktop and press enter.

All files must be closed for this process to run. If the volume is currently in use, a message asks if you want to reschedule the disk checking for the next time you restart your system. Then, the next time you restart your system, disk checking will run. Your volume will not be available to run other tasks while this process is running.

If your volume is formatted as NTFS, Windows 2000 automatically logs all file transactions, replaces bad clusters automatically, and stores copies of key information for all files on the NTFS volume.

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