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The QUEST - Issue Four

Welcome to the fourth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English Language

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. The principal ____ can help the child.

(a) only

(b) even

(c) alone

(d) lonely

2. He will not reach the station in time ____

(a) won't he ?

(b) will he ?

(c) can he ?

(d) can't he ?

3. She has been speaking for the last one hour, I wish she ____

(a) stopped speaking

(b) stopped to speak

(c) would stop speaking

(d) could stop speaking

Direction : Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

 


4. Calamity

(a) Surprise

(b) Misfortune

(c) Happening

(d) End

5. Clandestine

(a) Burning

(b) An Insect

(c) Secretive

(d) Implicate

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given word.

 


6. Fiasco

(a) Painting

(b) Brush Marks

(c) Confusion

(d) Success

7. Decay

(a) Left-Over

(b) Ruins

(c) Sinking

(d) Improve

8. Fickle

(a) Free

(b) Unhappy

(c) Firm

(d) An Instrument

Answers:

1. (c) alone

2. (b) will he?

3. (c) would stop speaking

4. (b) Misfortune

5. (c) Secretive

6. (d) Success

7. (d) Improve

8. (c) Firm

Section Two: CIVICS

1. Directive Principles of State Policy are

(a) justiciable

(b) non-justiciable

(c) only some are justiciable

(d) justiciable insofar as they do not conflict with the Fundamental Rights

2. The President of India is the

(a) head of state

(b) the head of government

(c) head of state as well as government

(d) none of these

3. The President of India is

(a) directly elected by the people

(b) elected by the two houses of Parliament at a joint sitting

(c) elected through an electoral college consisting of elected members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies

(d) elected by the Lok Sabha

4. Which President held office for two consecutive terms?

(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(b) Dr. S Radhakrishnan

(c) Dr. Zakir Hussain

(d) both (a) and (b)

5. Where are disputes regarding the election of the President and Vice-President of India filed and settled?

(a) in the Supreme Court

(b) in the Election Commission

(c) in Parliament

(d) both in the Supreme Court as well as high courts

6. The President can be impeached from office on the grounds of violating the constitution by

(a) the Supreme Court

(b) the Supreme Court and high courts jointly

(c) the two houses of Parliament

(d) the Lok Sabha

7. When the office of President falls vacant, the same must be filled within

(a) six months

(b) three months

(c) one year

(d) 18 months

8. What is the maximum age for President?

(a) 60 years

(b) 70 years

(c) 65 years

(d) there is no age limit

Answers:

1. (b) non-justiciable

2. (a) head of state

3. (c) elected through an electoral college consisting of elected members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies

4. (a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

5. (a) in the Supreme Court

6. (c) the two houses of Parliament

7. (a) six months

8. (d) there is no age limit

Section Three: History

1. The Indian National Movement, upto 1905, was dominated by leaders who have been described as

(a) Parliamentarians

(b) Constitutionalists

(c) Liberal Thinkers

(d) Moderate Nationalists.

2. Which of the following leaders was not among the Moderates?

(a) A.O. Hume

(b) G.K. Gokhale

(c) W.C. Bonnerjee

(d) Lala Lajpat Rai

3. Which of the following was not one of the demands of the Moderates about which they organized agitations on constitutional lines during 1885 to 1905?

(a) Expansion of Legislative Councils, representation of Indians on the Secretary of State’s Council, Viceroy’s Executive Council and Government Executive Councils

(b) Larger Employment of Indians in higher services, and holding of Indian Civil Services examination in England and India simultaneously

(c) Reduction in military expenditure

(d) More educational facilities and employment opportunities for women

4. The Swadeshi movement was started because

(a) The British massacred innocent people at Jallianwala Bagh

(b) The British Government did not grant responsible government to India

(c) Lord Curzon divided Bengal

(d) Of de-industrialization in India

5. The Swadeshi movement meant the

(a) Shouting of anti-British slogans

(b) Boycotting foreign goods and use of Indian goods

(c) Wearing of a khadi cap

(d) Use of Hindi in conversation

6. The most effective instruments of militant nationalism and which started under the Anti-Partition of Bengal Movement was

(a) Boycott of British goods

(b) Swadeshi and Boycott

(c) Public burning of foreign cloth

(d) Picketing of shops selling foreign cloth

7. The Moderates decided to break with the extremists in

(a) 1906

(b) 1907

(c) 1914

(d) 1919

8. The Indian National Movement came to be dominated by the Extremists after

(a) 1906

(b) 1909

(c) 1914

(d) 1919

Answers:

1. (d) Moderate Nationalists

2. (d) Lala Lajpat Rai

3. (d) More educational facilities and employment opportunities for women

4. (c) Lord Curzon divided Bengal

5. (b) Boycotting foreign goods and use of Indian goods

6. (b) Swadeshi and Boycott

7. (b) 1907

8. (a) 1906

Section Four: General Science

1. The Secretion diffused from a ductless gland into blood vessels and carried by the blood stream to same other place in the body where it exerts a definite physiological effect is called

(a) enzyme

(b) hormone

(c) secretion

(d) juice

2. One of reason of lower metabolism in man is

(a) decreased production of hormone from thyroid

(b) increased production of hormone from thyroid

(c) abnormal secretion from thyroid gland

(d) over function of hormone from thyroid

3. All tissues in body, during their development are brought to a proper proportion by

(a) growth hormone

(b) differential hormone

(c) tissue regulating hormone

(d) all regulating hormone

4. A flower is

(a) a special organ

(b) a modified vegetative shoot

(c) a branch

(d) a modified shoot meant for reproducer

5. How many pairs of coaxial nerves are present in man

(a) 12 pairs

(b) 13 pairs

(c) 15 pairs

(d) none of the above

6. Name the chief excretory organ of man is

(a) kidney

(b) malpighian tubules

(c) veptiridia

(d) none of the above

7. Placentation means

(a) union of sepals & petals

(b) mode of arrangement of ovules in the ovary

(c) fixation of another to the filament

(d) fasten of stamens with petals

8. Aestivation may be defined as

(a) union of blood parts

(b) arrangement of blood leaves in the blood condition

(c) attachment of filaments to the anthers

(d) arrangement of ovules in the ovary

Answers:

1. (b) hormone

2. (d) over function of hormone from thyroid

3. (a) growth hormone

4. (b) a modified vegetative shoot

5. (a) 12 pairs

6. (a) kidney

7. (b) mode of arrangement of ovules in the ovary

8. (a) union of blood parts

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. All of the following advanced principles of child development that are closely allied to the stimulus response learning theory, except

(a) Pavilov

(b) J B Waston

(c) Hull

(d) Gesell

(e) Skinner

2. All of the following can be signs that a child is gifted, except

(a) early development of a sense of time

(b) interest in encyclopaedias and dictionaries

(c) uneasy relationships with peers.

(d) Easy retention of facts

(e) High intellectual curiosity.

3. Frobel’s most important contribution to education was his development of the

(a) vocational school

(b) public high school

(c) kindergarten

(d) Latin School

(e) Play school

4. Teacher tenure laws can best be justified because they

(a) protect teachers whose political views differ sharply with those of the community

(b) Provide for stability of staffing

(c) Allow an experienced teacher to plan creatively

(d) Protect teachers from excessive requirements of principals

(e) Prevent teachers from leaving to accept positions in higher paying school districts

5. All of the following are contributing to the crisis in urban schools except

(a) the rapid increase in school pollution

(b) the disappearance of taxable property

(c) the deterioration and decline of real property

(d)the displacement of people

(e) high mobility

6. of the following, the main purpose of state certification of teachers is to

(a) monitor the quality of teacher training institutions

(b) provide for a uniform standard of entry-level teacher competency throughout the state

(c) exclude from the profession those not trained in pedagogy

(d) exclude from the profession those who are mentally unhealthy

(e) provide a basis for acceptable performance based on teacher evaluation

7. The incorrectly associated pair is

(a) Joseph Lancaster –contract plan

(b) Benjamin Franklin-academy

(c) James B Conant –high school

(d)Horace Mann –elementary education

(e) Elizabeth Peabody – kindergarten

8. When parents ask teachers about their children’s television habits, it is best to suggest that they

(a) prohibit television viewing

(b) use television for rewards and punishments

(c) allow children to watch only those programmes selected by the parents

(d) encourage family viewing and discussion of jointly selected programmes

(e) give children freedom to selected whatever they want to see

Answers:

1. (d) Gesell

2. (c) uneasy relationships with peers

3. (c) kindergarten

4. (a) protect teachers whose political views differ sharply with those of the community

5. (a) the rapid increase in school pollution

6. (b) provide for a uniform standard of entry-level teacher competency throughout the state

7. (a) Joseph Lancaster –contract plan

8. (d) give children freedom to selected whatever they want to see

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

Directions: (Question Nos. 1 and 2) A statement is given followed by four conclusions A, B, C, D. You have to consider the statement to be true, even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You are to decide which of the given conclusions can definitely be drawn from the given statement. Indicate your answer.

1. Fertilizer consumption in India in 1984-85 was 8.21 MT. By 1990 it was 13.75 MT and by 2000 it is expected to reach 16 MT. What is your conclusion?

(a) Fertilizer consumption is steady

(b) There is a steady decrease in fertilizer consumption

(c) Fertilizer consumption does not show any trend

(d) There is a steady increase of fertilizer consumption

2. All guilty politicians were arrested. Tom and Gopal were among those arrested.

(a) Tom and Gopal were guilty

(b) Tom and Gopal were not politicians

(c) All arrested people are politicians

(d) All politicians are guilty

3. In a particular way of coding the word CENTRAL is coded as ABCDEFG and PLANETARIUM as HGFCBDFEIJK. With the same coding how can we express the word LANTERN?

(a) GFCDFEG

(b) GFCDBEC

(c) GFCDEFG

(d) GFCDBEB

4. Sohan started from point X and travelled forward 8 km up to point Y, then turned towards right and travelled 5 km up to point Z, then turned right and travelled 7 km up to point A and then turned towards right and travelled 5 km up to B. What is the distance between points B and X?

(a) 1 km

(b) 2 km

(c) 3 km

(d) 4 km

5. A word given in Capital Letters is followed by four answer words. Out of these only one cannot be formed using the letters of the given word. Find out that word

ADMINISTRATION

(a) Mind

(b) Ration

(c) Minister

(d) Station

6. Find the missing letters in the series.

DHL, PTX, BFJ, ?

(a) NRV

(b) RVZ

(c) CGK

(d) KOS

7. Which one of the given responses would be a meaningful order of the following?

1. Seed,2. Flower, 3. Soil 4. Plant, 5. Fruit

(a) 4, 2, 5, 1, 3

(b) 2, 5, 4, 1, 3

(c) 3, 2, 1, 5, 4

(d) 3, 1, 4, 2, 5

8. Arrange the following words according to the Dictionary:

1. Sound, 2. Socks, 3. Shock, 4. Sharp, 5. Snooker

(a) 5, 4, 3, 1, 2

(b) 4, 3, 5, 2, 1

(c) 3, 4, 5, 1, 2

(d) 4, 3, 2, 5, 1

Answers:

1. (d) There is a steady increase of fertilizer consumption

2. (a) Tom and Gopal were guilty

3. (b) GFCDBEC

4. (a) 1 km

5. (c) Minister

6. (a) NRV

7. (d) 3, 1, 4, 2, 5

8. (b) 4, 3, 5, 2, 1

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