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The QUEST - Issue Six

Welcome to the sixth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

This newsletter is based on a simple principle: the more questions you attempt, the better your preparation for the real test. We have organised the examination preparatory material in a self-assessment format to help you know for yourself which areas you need to work upon. But mind you The QUEST is in no way a complete solution for your preparation, more an add-on to your learning resources. It will test you, question you and keep you on your toes.

The QUEST has six sections: English Language, Civics, History, General Science, Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning and a supplementary section on Teaching Aptitude for B. Ed. aspirants. There are eight questions in each section. Answers to all questions in a section are provided at the end of each section. Questions have been compiled in such a manner that it is easy to follow and memorize. We recommend that you go to the answers only after you have attempted all the questions in a section, it will provide a true picture of your preparedness. Good Luck!

Section One: ENGLISH

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. The Yamuna ____ its banks

(a) overflew

(b) overflowed

(c) has overflowed

(d) has overflown

2. My father ____ for Goa this afternoon

(a) has set off

(b) has set of

(c) set off

(d) set of

3. He ____ but also his credibility

(a) lost not only his image

(b) not only lost his image

(c) lost only his image

(d) did not lose his image

Direction : Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words

4. Dynamic

(a) Cyclic

(b) Forceful

(c) Alternate

(d) Vigorous

5. Supersede

(a) Above

(b) Superior

(c) Replace

(d) Restart

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given word

6. Fiction

(a) Imaginary

(b) A Novel

(c) Fact

(d) Opposite

7. Accumulate

(a) Gather

(b) Together

(c) Mature

(d) Scatter

8. Compassionate

(a) Heart - Felt

(b) Enmity

(c) Mature

(d) Merciless

Answer:

1. (c) has overflowed

2. (c) set off

3. (a) lost not only his image

4. (b) Forceful

5. (c) Replace

6. (c) Fact

7. (d) Scatter

8. (d) Merciless

Section Two: CIVICS

1. The President can declare national emergency only

(a) Only in the event of foreign attack

(b) Only in the event of armed rebellion

(c) Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion

(d) In none of these cases

2. The President can declare constitutional emergency in a state

(a) Only on the recommendation of the Union Council of Ministers

(b) Only on the recommendation of the State Council of Ministers

(c) Only on the recommendation of the Governor

(d) If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the constitution

3. A national emergency can remain in operation with the approval of Parliament

(a) for a maximum period of three years

(b) for a maximum period of one year

(c) for a maximum period of six months

(d) for an indefinite period

4. The President can declare financial emergency

(a) if there is a threat to the financial stability or credit of India

(b) to meet the extraordinary expenses of conducting of conducting a war

(c) on the recommendation of the Comptroller and Auditor General

(d) if a majority of state legislatures so recommend

5. The Vice- President of India is

(a) elected directly by the people

(b) elected by the same electoral college which elects the President

(c) elected by members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha at a joint sitting

(d) elected by the Lok Sabha

6. The Vice -President of India can be removed from office before expiry of his term by

(a) the President at his discretion

(b) the two houses of Parliament

(c) the Rajya Sabha with a two-third majority

(d) the President with the consent of the majority state legislatures

7. The Vice President is the ex- officio chairman of the

(a) Rajya Sabha

(b) Lok Sabha

(c) National Development Council

(d) Planning Commission

8. Which one of the following is not a feature of the Indian Constitution?

(a) Federal Government

(b) Parliamentary Government

(c) Presidential Government

(d) Independence of Judiciary

Answer:

1. (c) Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion

2. (d) If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the constitution

3. (d) for an indefinite period

4. (a) if there is a threat to the financial stability or credit of India

5. (c) elected by members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha at a joint sitting

6. (b) the two houses of Parliament

7. (a) Rajya Sabha

8. (c) Presidential Government

Section Three: History

1. The secret society of revolutionaries which was organized by V.D. Savakar in 1904 was

(a) Sandhya

(b) Yugantar

(c) Abhinav Bharat

(d) Ghadar

2. The Lucknow Congress session of 1916 is noted for

(a) The merger of the Muslim League with the Congress temporarily

(b) The election of a Muslim President of the Congress

(c) The concession given by the Congress to the Muslim League in the former’s acceptance of separate electorates

(d) None of the above

3. The All India Muslim League was founded under the leadership of

(a) Maulana Mohammed Ali

(b) Hasan Imam and Mazharaul Maque

(c) The Agha Khan and Mohsinul Mulk

(d) Hakim Ajmal Khan &Zafar Ali Khan

4. The Khilafat Movement was organized by the Ali Brother’s

(a) As a protest against the communal policies of the Muslim League

(b) As a protest against the British for the maltreatment of Turkey under the Treaty of Sevres

(c) To protest against the high handed attitude of the Congress leaders towards the legitimate demand of the Muslims

(d) For all the above reasons

5. In 1920 the Congress decided to launch the Non-Cooperation Movement against the British with a view to

(a) get the injustice done to Punjab undone

(b) get the injustice done to Turkey undone

(c) secure Swaraj

(d) all the above

6. Which of the following did not form part of the Non-cooperation Movement?

(a) Boycott of Government schools and colleges

(b) Surrender of titles to government

(c) Open violation of the laws of the land with a view to undermining the authority of the British Government

(d) Non payment of taxes

7. When was the Non- cooperation Movement suspended?

(a) 1920

(b) 1922

(c) 1941

(d) 1942

8. Why did Mahatama Gandhi call off / suspend the Non-cooperation Movement?

(a) There was not enough support from the masses

(b) The Muslim leaders who had initially provided whole-hearted co-operation to the programme suddenly decided to withdraw the support

(c) The British Government launched a region of terror to suppress the movement and all the leaders were put in jails making it impossible to continue the movement

(d) The movement led to a serious mob violence at Chauri Chaura in U.P. where a police station was set on fire and a number of police were killed

Answer:

1. (c) Abhinav Bharat

2. (c) The concession given by the Congress to the Muslim League in the former’s acceptance of separate electorates

3. (c) The Agha Khan and Mohsinul Mulk

4. (b) As a protest against the British for the maltreatment of Turkey under the Treaty of Sevres

5. (d) all the above

6. (c) Open violation of the laws of the land with a view to undermining the authority of the British Government

7. (b) 1922

8. (d) The movement led to a serious mob violence at Chauri Chaura in U.P. where a police station was set on fire and a number of police were killed

Section Four: General Science

1. The Axan terminals from inter communicating junction is called

(a) axan

(b) synapses

(c) neero transmitters

(d) neurolemma

2. The brain & the spinal cord together constitute

(a) peripheral nervous system

(b) autonomic nervous system

(c) central nervous system

(d) none of the above

3. Which of the following is a pure Element

(a) marble

(b) sand

(c) glass

(d) diamond

4. Potash Alum is

(a) simple salt

(b) complex salt

(c) double salt

(d) acid salt

5. Gaseous state is

(a) continuos

(b) discrete

(c) none of the above

6. Moleules of a gas are

(a) similar in shape only

(b) similar in size only

(c) similar in shape & size only

(d) similar in all respects

7. Who amongst following scientist had no important connection with work an gas

(a) boyle

(b) gaylusae

(c) charles

(d) faraday

8. What is the ratio of the rates of diffusion of hydrogen and oxygen

(a) 2

(b) 4

(c) 8

(d) 10

Answer:

1. (b) synapses

2. (c) central nervous system

3. (d) diamond

4. (c) double salt

5. (b) discrete

6. (d) similar in all respects

7. (d) faraday

8. (b) 4

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. Martin Luther’s greatest contribution to education was his:

(a) Ninety –Five Theses

(b) Translation of the Bible into German

(c) Advocacy of science curriculum for the universities

(d) Concept of justification by good works

(e) Advocacy of church control of schools

2. Of the following the statement that is least educationally valid is that:

(a) heterogeneous grouping is undemocratic

(b) Drill periods should be brief

(c) Study habits should be taught

(d) Overlearning constitutes a waste of time

(e) The quality of a student’s notes book should be a factor in formulating the student’s mark

3. In a kindergarten class it would be unreasonable to expect a child to:

(a) care for plants

(b) clean up after clay work

(c) bring an old shirt for painting activities

(d) know when it is time to clean up

(e) return a class library book to the shelf

4. Of the following, the best example of an anecdotal report is:

(a) “Tom is always fidgeting; he must be hyperactive”

(b) “ On 12/1, 12/2, 12/4, during reading group time, Tom fidgeted in his seat"

(c) “Tom doesn’t like reading; he always fidgets during a reading lesion”

(d) “Tom is always fidgeting; his parents must be putting a lot of pressure on him”

(e) “Tom is a fidgeter”

5. The trial and error method of instruction is best enhanced by:

(a) role playing

(b) programmed instruction

(c) the developmental lesson

(d) an audio visual lession

(e) independent study

6. A parent of a fourth grader refuse to give permission for her child to go on a class trip. The teacher should first:

(a) refer the matter to the guidance counselor

(b) confer with the parent to discuss the educational purpose of the trip

(c) give the class a homework assignment for all parents to sign, giving reasons why each child wants to go on the trip

(d) Ask another teacher in the same grade to take that child on the day of the trip

(e) Tell the class that the trip will be cancelled if any child does not receive parental permission

7. All of the following are evidence of a good class audio-visual programme except:

(a) using globes and maps to teach geographic skills and concepts

(b) developing a weekly list of recommended television programmes for home viewing

(c) teacher previewing of all fimstrips to be shown to the class

(d) allowing children to decide which educational television programmes they will view in class

(e) providing study guides for class viewing of fims

8. An increase in comprehension skill is most likely to result from:

(a) guided silent reading

(b) guided oral reading

(c) unstructured silent reading

(d) the teacher reading to the class

(e) listening to tapes of children’s stories

Answer:

1. (b) Translation of the Bible into German

2. (d) Overlearning constitutes a waste of time

3. (d) know when it is time to clean up

4. (b) “ On 12/1, 12/2, 12/4, during reading group time, Tom fidgeted in his seat"

5. (e) independent study

6. (b) confer with the parent to discuss the educational purpose of the trip

7. (d) allowing children to decide which educational television programmes they will view in class

8. (a) guided silent reading

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

1. The sum of two times one natural number and three times another natural number is less than 24. If the first natural number is less than or equal to eight, the highest value of the second natural number is:

(a) 5

(b) 6

(c) 7

(d) 8

(e) 9

2. A cistern is two-third full of water. Pipe A can fill the remaining part in 12 minutes and pipe B in 8 minutes. Once the cistern is emptied, how much time will they take to fill it together completely?

(a) 12 minutes

(b) 12 min, 12 sec

(c) 14 min, 24 sec

(d) 10 min, 12 sec

(e) 14 min, 40 sec

3. In how many ways can we arrange 6 books on different subjects, in a shelf?

(a) 6

(b) 60

(c) infinite

(d) 720

(e) 120

4. Mr Mohit is 7 times as old as his son. 10 years hence he will be 3 times as old as his son. What are their present ages (in years)?

(a) 4, 28

(b) 5, 35

(c) 3, 21

(d) 6, 42

(e) 7, 49

5. A train running at the speed of 90 km/hr crosses a platform of length 160 m in 10 seconds. What is the length of the train (in metres)?

(a) 60

(b) 90

(c) 150

(d) 140

(e) 40

6. The average of 4 consecutive even numbers is 9. Which of these is the first number?

(a) 6

(b) 4

(c) 8

(d) 10

(e) 12

7. Capacity of a cylindrical vessel is 25.872 litres. If the height of the cylinder is three times the radius of its base, what is the area of the base in square cms?

(a) 336

(b) 1232

(c) 616

(d) Cannot be determined

(e) None of these

8. There are 30 students in a class. The average age of the first 10 students is 12.5 years. The average age of the next 20 students is 13.1 years. The average age of the whole class is:

(a) 12.5 years

(b) 12.7 years

(c) 12.8 years

(d) 12.9 years

Answer:

1. (c) 7

2. (c) 14 min 24 sec

3. (d) 720

4. (b) 5, 35

5. (b) 90

6. (a) 6

7. (c) 616 square cms

8. (d) 12.9 years

This is a new initiative for EnableAll and we welcome your comments and suggestions on how to make this newsletter and future online tutorials a more effective and engaging learning experience. Write to us at editor@enableall.org.

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