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The QUEST - Issue Eight

Welcome to the eighth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: ENGLISH

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. I could not find my car ____

(a) nowhere

(b) everywhere

(c) anywhere

(d) somewhere

2. Ravi cannot be ___ his incompetence

(a) excused due to

(b) excused with

(c) asked to be excused

(d) excused for

3. He ___ sent the reply immediately

(a) would have

(b) should

(c) should have

(d) must have

Direction : Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words

4. Chaos

(a) Order

(b) Crossing

(c) Mishap

(d) Disorder

5. Alacrity

(a) Quick

(b) Alert

(c) Pompous

(d) Prejudice

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given word

6. Preliminary

(a) Previous

(b) Next

(c) Final

(d) Ultimate

7. Ostentatious

(a) Brilliant

(b) Dull

(c) Ornamental

(d) Simple

8. Redundant

(a) Natural

(b) Necessary

(c) Critical

(d) Fast

Answer:

1. (c) anywhere

2. (d) excused for

3. (c) should have

4. (d) Disorder

5. (a) Quick

6. (c) Final

7. (d) Simple

8. (b) Necessary

Section Two: CIVICS

1. Which one of the following classes cannot avail of some fundamental rights available to citizens?

(a) Enemy aliens

(b) Friendly aliens

(c) All aliens

(d) None of these

2. Can Parliament amend or modify any of the Fundamental Rightsgiven in the Constitution?

(a) Parliament can do so only after a referendum

(b) Parliament can amend them by special majority

(c) Parliament cannot amend any

(d) Only the President can issue directions to amend them

3. Under what circumstances can some of the Fundamental Rights be suspended?

(a) On the orders of a court

(b) When President 's rule is imposed

(c) When a proclamation of National Emergency is in operation

(d) During financial emergency

4. What does the phrase 'equality before the law' used in Article 14, mean?

(a) That all individuals are equal

(b) That all laws are the same for everybody

(c) That all individuals are equally subjected to the ordinary law of the land

(d) That everybody is to be treated equally by law in equal circumstances

5. Which Fundamental Rights cannot be suspended even during Article 352 of the Constitution?

(a) Right to equality

(b) Right to freedom of speech and expression

(c) Right to life

(d) Right to constitutional remedies

6. Which one of the following is not a right listed in the Constitution?

(a) Equality in matters of appointment under state

(b) Denial of special treatment for all sections including women, children and backward classes

(c) Abolition of titles other than academic and military distinctions

(d) All the above are part of the Constitution

7. A citizen's freedom of speech and expression may be subjected to reasonable restriction on the grounds of all except

(a) sovereignty of India

(b) public order

(c) contempt of court

(d) unbecoming criticism

8. What was the main judgement of the Supreme Court regarding Parliament's right to amend the Fundamental Rights in the Keshavananda Bharati case

(a) The Supreme Court took away the right of Parliament to amend the Fundamental Rights

(b) The Supreme Court declared that Parliament has no right to amend the Fundamental Rights

(c) The Supreme Court upheld the right of Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution including Part III of the Constitution but it also declared that Parliament had no right to amend the basic structure of the Constitution

(d) none of the above

Answers:

1. (c) All aliens

2. (b) Parliament can amend them by special majority

3. (c) When a proclamation of National Emergency is in operation

4. (c) That all individuals are equally subjected to the ordinary law of the land

5. (c) Right to life

6. (b) Denial of special treatment for all sections including women, children and backward classes

7. (d) unbecoming criticism

8. (c) The Supreme Court upheld the right of Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution including Part III of the Constitution but it also declared that Parliament had no right to amend the basic structure of the Constitution

Section Three: History

1. The Lahore session of the Indian National Congress which declared complete independence as goal of India was presided over by

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru

(d) None of the above

2. Gandhi launched Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930

(a) by giving a call for a country wide strike

(b) by calling on the people not to pay taxes to the government

(c) by asking people to offer voluntary arrest on mass scale

(d) by organizing the Dandi March with a view to break the salt law

3. Which one of the following was a feature of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

(a) Organisation of country-wide demonstrations and hartals

(b) To boycott the foreign goods

(c) Refusal to pay taxes

(d) All the above

4. The Indian National Congress participated

(a) in all the three Round Table Conference

(b) in only the second Round Table Conferences

(c) in second and third Round Table Conferences

(d) in none of the three Round Table Conferences

5. As a result of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact of 1931

(a) the Government agreed to withdraw all special ordinances issued by it

(b) the Government permitted picketing within the limits of ordinary law

(c) Congress agreed to stop the civil disobedience movement and take part in the next Round Table Conference

(d) All the above

6. The Communal Award

(a) provided separate electorates for Indian Christians and Anglo-Indians

(b) recognized the depressed classes as a minority

(c) conceded weightage to the Muslims in provinces in which they were in minority

(d) conceded all the above things

7. The Dandi March was undertaken by Gujarat to

(a) break the salt law

(b) resolve the dispute among Gujarat mill workers

(c) press the demand for Poorna Swaraj

(d) start satyagraha

8. What was the main outcome of the Poona Pact?

(a) The Communal Award was modified to provided reserved seats for the Depressed Classes

(b) Congress leaders were released from jail and the Communal Award was modified

(c) The Communal Award was abandoned and the Muslim League agreed to cooperate with the Congress

(d) The Congress accepted the Communal Award of the British Government on the condition that the Congress would be allowed to function freely


Answers:

1. (c) Jawaharlal Nehru

2. (d) by organizing the Dandi March with a view to break the salt law

3. (d) All the above

4. (b) in only the second Round Table Conferences

5. (d) All the above

6. (d) conceded all the above things

7. (a) break the salt law

8. (a) The Communal Award was modified to provided reserved seats for the Depressed Classes

Section Four: General Science

1. Elementary gasses are

(a) monoatomic

(b) triatomic

(c) polyatomic

(d) diatomic

2. The vapour density (V.D.) of ammonium chloride decrease with

(a) increase in temp

(b) decrease in temp

(c) decrease in pressure

(d) none

3. Degree of dissociation is generally

(a) less than one

(b) greater than one

(c) equal to one

(d) none

4. During the thermal dissociation of a substance, the vapour density

(a) decreases

(b) increases

(c) decreases or increases

(d) none

5. Nucleus of an atom contains-

(a) electrons, protons & neutrons

(b) electrons, protons & positrons

(c) protons only

(d) protons & neutrons

6. Which of the following is the electronic configuration of an oxygen atom

(a) 2, 4

(b) 2, 8, 2

(c) 2, 8, 6

(d) 2, 6

7. Isotopes of an element will have

(a) same number of neutrons in the nucleus

(b) equal number of protons & neutrons in the nucleus

(c) different number of extra nuclear electrons

(d) equal number of protons but different number of neutrons

8. In periodic table elements are arranged in the order of their ascending

(a) Atomic weight

(b) Atomic volume

(c) Atomic number

(d) Atomic heat

Answer:

1. (d) diatomic

2. (a) increase in temp

3. (a) less than one

4. (a) decreases

5. (d) protons & neutrons

6. (d) 2, 6

7. (d) equal number of protons but different number of neutrons

8. (c) Atomic number

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. A child who frequently loses his/her place where reading can be temporarily helped by:

(a) allowing him/her to fingerpoint

(b) giving him/her a card to place under each line being read

(c) providing him/her with a large-print reader such as those used by the visually handicapped

(d) letting him/her listen to taped stores

(e) telling his/her parents that he/she needs glasses

2. Of the following activities in a science class, the one with least educational value is

(a) viewing a filmstrip

(b) constructing a model

(c) drawing a design

(d) reading about a simple experiment

(e) discussing a scientific principle

3. The operation of the class library should be the responsibility of

(a) The teacher

(b) Volunteer parents

(c) The children who contributed the books

(d) Rotating committees of pupils

(e) The school librarian

4. Group tests that have norms for each grade and that that are administered in accordance with uniform procedures listed in a manual of instruction are called

(a) School –wide finals

(b) Quizzes

(c) Standardized tests

(d) Class tests

(e) The WALS

5. In comparing the lecture and developmental lessons, all of the following are true except that

(a) there is more pupil activity in the developmental lesson

(b) it is more difficult to ascertain pupil learning in a lecture lesson

(c) the lecture method is more conducive to larger classes

(d) slow children drive more benefit from a lecture than brighter children to

(e) motivation and summary are necessary in both lessons

6. A teacher notes poor attendance in class on Fridays, the day weekly tests are given. The teacher should

(a) call the parents of the absentees

(b) schedule tests throughout the week

(c) do nothing

(d) tell the pupils that missing two tests will result in a failing mark

(e) schedule all tests for Monday, after the children have had a restful weekend

7. When the majority of pupils in a science class is well below grade level in reading, the teacher should

(a) read to the class from the text book

(b) plan many hands-on activities

(c) show many filmstrips

(d) prepare many dittoed sheets for the pupils to use

(e) lecture to the class, using simple language

8. During the first parent teacher conference of the year, the teacher should do all to the following except

(a) take notes

(b) include the child, when appropriate

(c) encourage the parent to talk about her child

(d) disagree with the parent’s philosophy of child reading

(e) offer a cup of coffee or tea

Answer:

1. (b) giving him/her a card to place under each line being read

2. (d) reading about a simple experiment

3. (d) Rotating committees of pupils

4. (c) Standardized tests

5. (d) slow children drive more benefit from a lecture than brighter children to

6. (b) schedule tests throughout the week

7. (b) plan many hands-on activities

8. (d) disagree with the parent’s philosophy of child reading

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

Direction Q. 1: From the given alternatives, find the world which can be formed from the letters used in the given word

1. ARISTOCRATIC

(a) CREATION

(b) STATIC

(c) SECRET

(d) ARREST

2. Santosh was travelling in a railway compartment. There he met a man and five women. Each woman had a child in her arms. How many were there in the compartment?

(a) 9

(b) 10

(c) 11

(d) 12

3. A is richer than B, C is richer than A, D is richer than C, and E is the richest of all. If they are made to sit in the above degree of richness who will be in the middle position ( central position )?

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

4. Given that A is the mother of B, C is the son of A, D is the brother of E, and E is the daughter of B. Who is the grandmother of D?

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

5. Arun started from point A and walked 10 km East to point B then turned to North and walked 3 km to point C and then turned West and walked 12 km to point D, then again turned South and walked 3 km to point E. In which direction is he from his starting point?

(a) East

(b) South

(c) West

(d) North

6. A man starts from his office and goes 5 km east. Then he turns to the left and again walks for 3 km. Again, he turns left and walks 5 km. At what distance is he from the starting point?

(a) 3 km

(b) 4 km

(c) 6 km

(d) 7 km

Directions : Q. 7 – 8: In these questions select the related letters, words, number, figure from the given alternatives.

7. Architect : Building : : Sculptor : ?

(a) Museum

(b) Stone

(c) Chisel

(d) Statute

8. Ice : Coldness : : earth : ?

(a) Weight

(b) Gravitation

(c) Jungle

(d) Sea

Answer:

1. (b) STATIC

2. (d) 12

3. (c) C

4. (a) A

5. (c) West

6. (a) 3 km

7. (d) Statute

8. (b) Gravitation

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