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The QUEST - Issue Ten

Welcome to the tenth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

This issue of The QUEST, has six sections: English Language, Civics, History, General Science, Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning and a supplementary section on Teaching Aptitude for B. Ed. aspirants. There are eight questions in each section. Answers to all questions in a section are provided at the end of each section. Questions have been compiled in such a manner that it is easy to follow and memorize. We recommend that you go to the answers only after you have attempted all the questions in a section, it will provide a true picture of your preparedness. Good Luck!

Section One: English

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. He ____ in the middle of the night

(a) was awakened

(b) was awoke

(c) was arose

(d) awakened

2. The pushcart ____ goods overturned

(a) laden with

(b) loaded with

(c) loaded by

(d) loaded under

3. My car has gone to the workshop ____

(a) for repair

(b) to get repaired

(c) for the repairs

(d) for repairs

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Vindictive

(a) Revengeful

(b) Supporting

(c) Obligatory

(d) Nice

5. Obligatory

(a) Essential

(b) Obliging

(c) Necessary

(d) Liking

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given words.

6. Exonerate

(a) Exile

(b) Inculpate

(c) Nicely

(d) Inadequate

7. Austere

(a) Engrossed

(b) Smart

(c) Ostentatious

(d) Miserly

8. Dubious

(a) Sure

(b) Debatable

(c) Desirous

(d) Single

Answers:

1. (a) was awakened

2. (b) loaded with

3. (d) for repairs

4. (a) Revengeful

5. (c) Necessary

6. (b) Inculpate

7. (a) Engrossed

8. (a) Sure

Section Two: Civics

1. What do you understand from the phrase 'Collective responsibility of the Cabinet' to the Lok Sabha?

(a) The Cabinet is ultimately answerable for all the acts of the ruling party taken together

(b) the action of the cabinet is the action of each member, and that the cabinet is responsible as a whole for the action of each member

(c) The Ministers are responsible to each other collectively

(d) None of the above

2. Ministers in the Union cabinet are appointed by

(a) The Prime Minister

(b) The President

(c) The President of India on the advice of the Prime Minister

(d) The Prime Minister on the advice of the President of India

3. The Ministry falls when

(a) a vote of no confidence is introduced against it in the Parliament

(b) The Money Bill presented on behalf of the Government is defeated in the Parliament

(c) an advice on an important matter tendered by the Prime Minister to the President is rejected by the latter

(d) in case of both (b) and (c)

4. In reality the Council of Ministers stays in office as long as it enjoys:

(a) the confidence of Lok Sabha

(b) the confidence of the Prime Minister

(c) the Confidence of the President

(d) the confidence of the Rajya Sabha

5. The legislative functions of the Council of ministers include the right to

(a) summon and prorogue the two houses of Parliament

(b) nominate two Anglo- Indian members of Lok Sabha

(c) nominate some members to Rajya Sabha

(d) introduce important bills and resolutions in the Parliament

6. Which of the following ensure the independence of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India?

I. Only the President can remove him on the grounds of proved misbehaviour

II. His salary and conditions of service shall be statutory, i.e. laid down by Parliament by law and shall not be liable to variation during his term of office

III. The salaries of the Auditor - General and his staff and administrative expenses of his office shall be charged upon the revenue of India and shall be non-votable

(a) I, II

(b) II, III

(c) III

(d) All these

7. Our Parliamentary system is based on

(a) universal adult franchise

(b) proportional representation

(c) male franchise

(d) male, female and child franchise

8. The Lok Sabha

(a) cannot have its life extended beyond 6 years

(b) is never dissolved within five years

(c) is dissolved after every 5 years

(d) is never subject to dissolution

Answer:

1. (b) the action of the cabinet is the action of each member, and that the cabinet is responsible as a whole for the action of each member

2. (c) The President of India on the advice of the Prime Minister

3. (b) The Money Bill presented on behalf of the Government is defeated in the Parliament

4. (a) the confidence of Lok Sabha

5. (d) introduce important bills and resolutions in the Parliament

6. (c) III

7. (a) universal adult franchise

8. (c) is dissolved after every 5 years

Section Three: History

1. Who commented that the Cripps Mission was a post-dated cheque on a crashing bank?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose

(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

2. The Cabinet Mission proposed

(a) a Constitution making body elected by the Provincial Assemblies

(b) setting up of an Interim Government

(c) a Federal Union consisting of British Indian Provinces and Indian States

(d) all the above

3. Who was the Prime Minister of England when India got Independence?

(a) Earl Mountbatten

(b) Winston Churchill

(c) Lord Attlee

(d) None of the above

4. The Muslim League demanded separate Pakistan for the first time in

(a) 1939

(b) 1940

(c) 1941

(d) 1942

5. The Simla Conference was held in

(a) In 1945

(b) In 1942

(c) In 1919

(d) In 1946

6.The Forward Bloc was formed by

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai

(b) Shahid Bhagat Singh

(c) Gokhale

(d) Subhash Chandra Bose

7. Lord Mountbatten’s Plan provided

(a) that India will be partitioned into two Dominions

(b) the provinces shall frame the frame their own Constitution

(c) the Constituent Assembly will frame the new Constitution

(d) none of the above

8. The I.N.A was formed in

(a) Japan

(b) Burma

(c) Malaya

(d) Singapore

Answers:

1. (a) Mahatma Gandhi

2. (d) all the above

3. (c) Lord Attlee

4. (b) 1940

5. (a) In 1945

6. (d) Subhash Chandra Bose

7. (a) that India will be partitioned into two Dominions

8. (d) Singapore

Section Four: General Science

1. Micro consumers consist of

(a) fungi

(b) microscopic, single celled bacteria

(c) mushrooms only

(d) both

2. The best known of the nitrogen fixing organizing are, the bacteria associated with the legumes, called as

(a) genus rhizobium

(b) fungi

(c) algae

(d) protozoa

3. The process of nitrification refers as

(a) the process of the formation of protein only

(b) synthesis of ammonia only

(c) the process of synthesis of protein not only by ammonia, but also from nitrate

(d) none of these

4. Many transformations among the different liberation states of sulphur are carried out by

(a) bacteria

(b) enzyme

(c) fungi

(d) chlorophyll

5. Energy required in connection with all the process is life in the biosphere and converted by green plants from solar radiation into chemical energy is

(a) adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

(b) adenosine monophosphate (AMP)

(c) adenosine dephosphase (ADP)

(d) phosphoric acid

6. The growth of CFC production could produce

(a) temperature rise of the ocean

(b) a significant global warning

(c) temperature rise of the environment

(d) radiation of ultraviolet ray

7. The first symptom of chronic lead poisoning in animals is

(a) anaemia

(b) nausea

(c) vomiting

(d) abdominal pain

8. Cadmium accumulation in the body leads to hypertesion, heart enlargement and death this is mainly due to

(a) Cigarette smoking

(b) Drinking water

(c) Drinking wine

(d) Drinking milk

Answers:

1. (d) both

2. (d) protozoa

3. (a) the process of the formation of protein only

4. (a) bacteria

5. (a) adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

6. (c) temperature rise of the environment

7. (c) vomiting

8. (a) Cigarette smoking

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. A small school assigns a class teacher to several hours of school library management. Of the following, the teacher’s top priority should be to make sure that

(a) no books are lost or damaged

(b) only books that are popular with the children are ordered

(c) the card catalogue is in order

(d) the library is used appropriately by maximum number of children

(e) Children are quit while in the library

2. During a conference, the mother of the third grader asks the teacher how she can help improve her child’s reading ability. Of the following the poorest recommendation is that she should

(a) encourage the child to make regular visits to the public library

(b) give the child books as presents for birthdays and special occasions

(c) Take the child on trips to interesting places in the community

(d) Read to the child

(e) Severely limit the child watching of television

3. Creative writing should be an activity planned for

(a) only those children reading on grade level

(b) only those children who can spell and who can write cohesive sentences

(c) only those children who want to write for the class newspaper

(d) all children

(e) all children who consistently finish their regular language arts work on time

4. Student courts have not been widely adopted for the following reasons for this, the one most consistent with sound educational principles is that

(a) Children should not try to influence the behaviour of their peers

(b) Children are too lenient with their peers

(c) The teacher is really the ultimate authority, so courts are just shams

(d) Student court usually mete out only punishments

(e) Teachers are afraid that student courts will want to judge them too

5. Of the following possible procedure to procure to follow after the class has taken a spelling test, the teacher should not

(a) permit pupils to discuss the answers

(b) correct the paper of the pupils who failed to finish the test

(c) assign a drill to the entire class based on the most frequently misspelled words

(d) Record the marks because 15 per cent of the class failed

(e) Base some future language arts lesson on the results of the test

6. Of the following, the one least important to success in beginning reading is

(a) a clear and lucid speech pattern

(b) normal vision and hearing

(c) directionality

(d) knowledge of the alphabet

(e) a mental age of about six and one half years

7. Lesson planning should be guided primary by the consideration of

(a) meeting the needs of the average child in the class

(b) creating a happy classroom environment

(c) The curriculum goals

(d) Providing pupils with work

(e) Satisfying parents

8. The best procedure for a teacher to adopt with a pupil who frequently stammers in class is to

(a) Afford the child ample opportunity to recite to the class

(b) Ignore the child

(c) Suggest that the parents seek professional help

(d) Suggest that the parents apply of home instruction

(e) Keep the child after school for individual help

Answers:

1. (d) the library is used appropriately by maximum number of children

2. (e) Severely limit the child watching of television

3. (d) all children

4. (d) Student court usually mete out only punishments

5. (c) assign a drill to the entire class based on the most frequently misspelled words

6. (d) knowledge of the alphabet

7. (c) The curriculum goals

8. (c) Suggest that the parents seek professional help

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

1. Select the one which is different from the other three responses

(a) Sweet

(b) Bitter

(c) Salty

(d) Insipid

2. Choose the word which is least like the other words in the group

(a) Curd

(b) Butter

(c) Oil

(d) Cheese

(e) Cream

3. Choose the word which is least like the other words in the group

(a) Pearl

(b) Diamond

(c) Ruby

(d) Garnet

(e) Topaz

4. Read the following information carefully and answer the question: K is the brother of X. Z is the son of X. P, the daughter of K is married to N. G and X are sisters to one another. How is G related to Z?

(a) Sister

(b) Wife

(c) Aunt

(d) Mother-in-law

(e) Mother

5. Read the following information carefully and answer the question: A family consists of six members P, Q, R, S, T and U. There are to married couples. Q is a doctor and the father of T.U is the grandfather of R and is a contractor. S is grandmother of T and is a housewife. There is one doctor one contractor one nurse, one housewife 'and two students in the family. Which of the following is definitely a group of male members?

(a) QU

(b) QUT

(c) QUP

(d) UT

(e) None of these

6. Victory: Encouragement : : Failure: ?

(a) Sadness

(b) Defeat

(c) Anger

(d) Frustration

7. Major: Battalion : : Colonel : ?

(a) Company

(b) Regiment

(c) Army

(d) Soldiers

8. In each of the following questions, a number series is given with one term missing. Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern and fill in the blank spaces. 18, 36, 54, 72, 90, (__)

(a) 106

(b) 98

(c) 108

(d) 112

Answers:

1. (d) All the others are different type of tastes

2. (c) Here all expect oil are product obtained from milk. Hence, the answer is (c).

3. (a) Here, Pearl is the only gem formed inside a shell. Hence, the answer is (a)

4. (c) Z is the son of X and G is the sister of X. So, G is the aunt of Z

5. (a) Clearly, for definite the males are Q the father, and U, the grandfather

6. (d) Victory leads to encouragement and failure brings frustration

7. (b) As major heads a battalion, the colonel commands a regiment

8. (c) The sequence is 18 x l,18 x 2,18 x 3, 18 x 4, 18 x 5,.....Missing number =18 x 6 =108

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