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The QUEST - Issue Twelve

Welcome to the twelfth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

This issue of The QUEST, has six sections: English Language, Civics, History, General Science, Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning and a supplementary section on Teaching Aptitude for B. Ed. aspirants. There are eight questions in each section. Answers to all questions in a section are provided at the end of each section. Questions have been compiled in such a manner that it is easy to follow and memorize. We recommend that you go to the answers only after you have attempted all the questions in a section, it will provide a true picture of your preparedness. Good Luck!

Section One: English

1. He ____ under the tree.

(a) lied

(b) laid

(c) lay

(d) lain

2. He was extremely embarrassed and ____.

(a) cut to the quick

(b) cut up to the quick

(c) cut up quickly

(d) quickly cut up

3. He is popular ____ his subordinates.

(a) among

(b) in

(c) with

(d) between

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Nocturnal

(a) Natural

(b) Nightly

(c) Neutral

(d) Normal

5. Castigate

(a) Punish

(b) Throw Out

(c) Rebuke

(d) Slander

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given words.

6. Limpid

(a) Handicap

(b) Crazy

(c) Clear

(d) Dark

7. Pinnacle

(a) Costly

(b) Base

(c) Proper

(d) Cheap

8. Petulant

(a) Touchy

(b) Affable

(c) Fragrant

(d) Fraction

Answer:

1. (c) lay

2. (a) cut to the quick

3. (c) with

4. (b) Nightly

5. (c) Rebuke

6. (d) Dark

7. (b) Base

8. (b) Affable

Section Two: Civics

1. According to our Constitution, the Rajya Sabha

(a) is dissolved once in 2 years

(b) is dissolved every 5 years

(c) is dissolved every 6 years

(d) is not subject to dissolution

2. Who presides over the the joint sittings of the two Houses of Parliament?

(a) President

(b) Vice- President or a nominee of the President

(c) Prime Minister as leader of Lok Sabha

(d) Speaker of the Lok Sabha

3. In which of the following does the Rajya Sabha enjoy exclusive right?

(a) Initiating impeachment proceedings against the President

(b) Taking initiative for the removal of the Vice President

(c) Recommending creation of new All India Services

(d) in all the above cases

4. The regional languages recognised by the Indian Constitution have been incorporated in

(a) Schedule 2

(b) Schedule 3

(c) Schedule 10

(d) Schedule 8

5. A Money Bill can originate in

(a) Lok Sabha only

(b) Rajya Sabha only

(c) Both Houses simultaneously

(d) A joint sitting of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

6. Under which of the following circumstances can President’s rule be imposed in a State?

(a) If no stable government in a State

(b) If the Cabinet has lost majority in the Assembly can be formed at once

(c) If the state Government does not obey the directives given by the Union Government

(d) In all the above cases

7. When does the Governor recommend the imposition of the President’s rule in a State?

(a) On the recommendation of the Centre

(b) On the recommendation of the Chief Minister

(c) On the recommendation of the Council of Ministers

(d) If he is satisfied that the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution

8. When can the Governor exercise his discretionary powers?

(a) In appointment of Chief Minister if not a single party has clear-cut majority in the House or there is no recognized leader of the majority party

(b) In reservation of a Bill passed by State Legislature for the assent of the President

(c) Dismissing a ministry if he is convinced it has lost majority support in the Assembly

(d) All the above cases are valid

Answer:

1. (d) is not subject to dissolution

2. (d) Speaker of the Lok Sabha

3. (c) Recommending creation of new All India Services

4. (d) Schedule 8

5. (a) Lok Sabha only

6. (d) In all the above cases

7. (d) If he is satisfied that the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution

8. (d) All the above cases are valid

Section Three: History

1. Two important leaders who toured the country preaching the ideology of socialism were

(a) Gandhi and Tilak

(b) Motilal Nehru and C.R.Das

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose

(d) Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipinchandra Pal

2. The ‘Red Shirts’ Movement aimed at

(a) creation of an independent Pakhtoonistan

(b) ensuring the creation of Pakistan

(c) making India a communist country at the dawn of Independence

(d) throwing out the British from India

3. Pick out the wrong pair

(a) Simon Commission – appointed in 1927

(b) Partition of Bengal – 1906

(c) Chinese invasion – 1962

(d) Death of Nehru - 1966

4. Who of the following was not one of the founders of the Congress Socialist Party set up in 1934?

(a) P.C. Joshi

(b) Acharya Narendra Dev

(c) Jaya Prakash Narayan

(d) Ashok Mehta

5. Which of the following proposals were made by Cripps Mission?

1. Participation of Indian States in the Constitution making body

2. Separate state for Indian Muslims

3. Partition of India

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) 1 and 2

(d) 1 and 3

6. The Indian Statutory Commission, set up in 1927 and which arrived in India in 1928, is commonly known as

(a) Cripps Mission

(b) Simon Commission

(c) Cabinet Mission

(d) Hunter Commission

7. The first split in Indian National Congress took place in 1907 at the ____ session

(a) Surat

(b) Lahore

(c) Bombay

(d) Calcutta

8. The moderate and extremist sections of the Congress were re-united in the ____ session

(a) 1916 Lucknow

(b) 1920 Calcutta

(c) 1921 Bombay

(d) 1922 Karachi

Answer:

1. (c) Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose

2. (d) throwing out the British from India

3. (b) Partition of Bengal – 1906

4. (a) P.C. Joshi

5. (a) Only 1

6. (b) Simon Commission

7. (a) Surat

8. (a) 1916 Lucknow

Section Four: General Science

1. When organic waste such as sewage, garbage, manure etc. decompose in the absence of air, biogas is released. This biogas is also known us

(a) methane gas

(b) ethane gas

(c) butane gas

(d) propane gas

2. During equinoxes when the sun, the moon and the earth are in line, highest tidal ranges are in line, highest tidal ranges are established

(a) spring tides

(b) cow tides

(c) high tides

(d) flood tides

3. Alluvial soil is deposited by

(a) river flow

(b) land sides

(c) sea coast

(d) ocean

4. colluvial soil is deposited by

(a) landsides

(b) river flow

(c) sea coast

(d) ocean

5. The chemistry of a soil is governed largely by

(a) the properties of its day particles

(b) the properties of the tiny particles of humus

(c) both the above

(d) none of the above

6. An essential element in the formation of protein material it’s the plants is

(a) nitrogen

(b) carbon dioxide

(c) carbon monoxide

(d) oxygen

7. Most of the nitrogen it’s the soil occurs

(a) in organic from

(b) in micro organism

(c) in organic form its micro organism and in amino acids and amiles

(d) none of the above

8. The replenishment of the soil solution depends on

(a) break down of humus

(b) break down of nitrogen fixation

(c) both of them

(d) none of the above

Answers:

1. (a) methane gas

2. (a) spring tides

3. (a) river flow

4. (c) sea coast

5. (a) the properties of its day particles

6. (c) carbon monoxide

7. (c) in organic form its micro organism and in amino acids and amiles

8. (a) break down of humus

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. The tightly structured lesson that is taught with little flexibility is least conductive to the learning of the student who

(a) is culturally disadvantaged

(b) is hyperactive

(c) has an 85 IQ

(d) has a 125 IQ

(e) is learning disabled

2. The discovery method of teaching is best exemplified by

(a) play activities

(b) rote learning

(c) independent study projects

(d) the open textbook lesson

(e) audio visual lesson

3. The best procedure for a teacher to follow when a pupil habitually calls out in class is to

(a) ask for a percent conference

(b) put a demerit in the making book on each occasion

(c) refuse to recognize the pupil even when he/she is acting appropriately

(d) refer the pupil to the guidance counselor

(e) call on the pupil to answer questions that are within his/her ability level

4. Ramesh tells her teacher that three other girls, who the teacher knows are Ramesh’s friends , copy from each other on all the tests. Of the following the teacher is best advised to first

(a) give the three girls a zero on the last two tests

(b) confer with Ramesh’s mother

(c) try to understand why Ramesh said this

(d) refer the three girls to the guidance counselor

(e) ignore the remark

5. Most educators agree that oral reading

(a) comes naturally to good readers

(b) is do difficult to do well that it is waste of time to teach it

(c) is useful only for appreciation of poetry

(d) requires an audience situation

(e) is only for poor readers so they can hear their own mistakes and be motivated to correct them

6. After a lesson is taught the teacher’s lesson plan should be

(a) thrown away

(b) annotated

(c) filed for use by a substitute teacher

(d) filed for use at the same time next year

(e) sent to the supervisor for evaluation

7. Of the following , the least appropriate opening day activity is

(a) saluting the flag

(b) assigning homework

(c) outlining the day’s schedule

(d) tending to class housekeeping

(e) giving a brief quiz

8. The discovery method of learning is best exemplified by

(a) programmed instruction

(b) experimentation in a science laboratory

(c) team teaching

(d) mainstreaming

(e) individualized programming

Answers:

1. (d) has a 125 IQ

2. (c) independent study projects

3. (e) Call on the pupil to answer questions that are within his /her ability level

4. (c) try to understand why Ramesh said this

5. (d) requires an audience situation

6. (b) annotated

7. (b) assigning homework

8. (b) experimentation in a science laboratory

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

Direction 1 to 3: Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern and fill in the blank spaces.

1. 4, 9, 13, 22, 35, (…)

(a) 57

(b) 70

(c) 63

(d) 75

2. 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, (…)

(a) 18

(b) 20

(c) 22

(d) 25

3. 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18, (…), 54

(a) 18

(b) 36

(c) 81

(d) 27

Directions 4 to 6: In each of the questions below, find out the correct answer from the given alternatives.

4. If in a certain language NATURE is coded as MASUQE, how is FAMINE coded in that code?

(a) FBMJND

(b) FZMHND

(c) GANIOE

(d) EALIME

(e) FZNJME

5. If in a certain language PEARL is coded as SHDUO, how is COVET coded in that code?

(a) FRXHV

(b) EQXHV

(c) FRYHW

(d) FNYDW

(e) ELXHU

6. If in a certain language EXIST is coded as ESIXT, how is PLUTO coded in that code?

(a) OLUTP

(b) PTUOL

(c) PULTO

(d) PTULO

(e) TULPO

7. A girl introduced a boy as the son of the daughter of the father of her uncle. The boy is girl's?

(a) Brother

(b) Son

(c) Uncle

(d) Son-in-law

(e) Nephew

8. If X is the brother of the son of Y's son, how is X related to Y?

(a) Son

(b) Brother

(c) Cousin

(d) Grandson

(e) Uncle

Answers:

1. (a) : The sum of two consecutive numbers of the series gives the next number. Thus, 4 + 9 = 13, 9 + 13 = 22, 13 + 22 = 25 and so on. Missing number =22 + 35 =57.

2. (c) : The difference between consecutive numbers increases by 1. Thus, the sequence is + 2, + 3, + 4, + 5, …… Missing number =16 + 6 =22.

3. (d) : The numbers are alternately multiplied by 2 and 3/2. Thus, 1 * 2 = 2, 2 * 2/3, 3 * 2 = 6, 6 * 3/2= 9 and so on. Missing number = 18 *3/2 = 9 *3 =27.

4. (d): The letters preceding the letters at odd places in the given word are taken as the corresponding letters of the code while those at even places remain the same.

5. (c) : Each letter in the code is two ahead than the corresponding letter in the word.

6. (d): In the code the middle three letters are put in the reverse order.

7. (a) Daughter of Uncle's father - Uncle's sister - mother; Mother's son – brother.

8. (d) Son of Y's son - Y's grandson; brother of Y's grandson - Y's grandson.

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