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The QUEST - Issue Fourteen

Welcome to the Fourteenth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

This issue of The QUEST, has five sections: English Language, Civics, History, General Science, Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning. There are eight questions in each section. Answers to all questions in a section are provided at the end of each section. Questions have been compiled in such a manner that it is easy to follow and memorize. We recommend that you go to the answers only after you have attempted all the questions in a section, it will provide a true picture of your preparedness. Good Luck!

Section One: English

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. He has an impudence ____ carry him through.

(a) would

(b) that would

(c) which would

(d) which might

2. Unmindful of the criticism, my brother ____.

(a) stood his guns

(b) stood to his gun

(c) stood to his guns

(d) stood by his guns

3. This is one of the most interesting pictures ____ released this summer.

(a) that have been

(b) that has been

(c) that is

(d) which has been

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Narrate

(a) Explore

(b) Evidence

(c) Tell

(d) Give

5. Immaculate

(a) Tidy

(b) Immature

(c) Perfect

(d) Stylish

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given words.

6. Spry

(a) Active

(b) Feeble

(c) Shoot

(d) Supple

7. Spontaneous

(a) Impulsive

(b) Delayed

(c) Casual

(d) Designed

8. Sophisticated

(a) Naive

(b) Smart

(c) Docile

(d) Experienced

Answer

1. (b) would

2. (c) stood to his guns

3. (a) that have been

4. (c) Tell

5. (a) Tidy

6. (b) Feeble

7. (d) Designed

8. (a) Naive

Section Two: Civics

1. Which one of the following is not a feature of the Indian Judiciary?

(a) It is free and independent

(b) It is the final interpreter of the Constitution

(c) It is the highest system

(d) It is a single integrated system

(e) Parliament

2. Which of the following is not one of the methods for amending the different categories of provisions in the Constitution?

(a) Certain provisions may be amended by a simple majority

(b) Certain other provisions may be amended only by a two-thirds majority

(c) Certain provisions may be amended only by a three-fourth majority

(d) Certain amendments may require to be ratified by one –half of the States after being passed in Parliament

3.Which of the following are the members of Zonal Council?

(a) The Chief Ministers of the States included in that Zonal Council

(b) All the ministers of those States

(c) The Governors of those States

(d) All the above mentioned

4. The members of Legislative Council are

(a) Directly elected by the people

(b) Chiefly nominated

(c) Elected by local bodies, graduates, teachers, Legislative Assembly, etc

(d) Elected by the Legislative Assembly

5. When can a President refer a matter to the Supreme Court for its opinion?

(a) When the Cabinet is not functioning properly

(b) When emergency has to be promulgated

(c) When a matter is of public importance

(d) Whenever the President feels like it

6. The Parliament can make a law on a subject in the State List when

I. A Proclamation of Emergency is in force

II. Two or more States make a request to the Parliament to make a law on a subject

III. Rajya Sabha passes a resolution that such subjects have acquired national importance


(a) Only I

(b) I and II

(c) I and III

(d) All of these

7. Zonal Councils are

(a) Advisory bodies

(b) Actually working bodies

(c) Law –making bodies

(d) Administrative bodies

8. Which of the following is not provided in the Constitution?

(a) Election Commission

(b) Finance Commission

(c) Public Service Commission

(d) Planning Commission

Answer

1 (c) It is the highest system

2 (c) Certain provisions may be amended only by a three-fourth majority

3 (a) The Chief Ministers of the States included in that Zonal Council

4 (c) Elected by local bodies, graduates, teachers, Legislative Assembly, etc

5 (c) When a matter is of public importance

6 (d) All of these

7 (a) Advisory bodies

8 (d) Planning Commission

Section Three: History

1. The single biggest item of British capital investment in India was / were

(a) Railway

(b) Plantation and Mines

(c) Banking and Insurance

(d) Shipping

2. Lala Lajpat Rai suffered fatal injuries during the demonstration against the

(a) Cripps Mission

(b) Simon Commission

(c) Jallianwala Bagh massacre

(d) Rowalatt Act

3. The Muslim League's annual session of 1940 which gave effect to Jinnah's 'Two- Nation Theory' was held in

(a) Lahore

(b) Karachi

(c) Bombay

(d) Lucknow

4. Rabindranath Tagore surrendered his knighthood as a protest against:

(a) the enactment of the Rowlatt Act in 1919

(b) the passage of Montague – Chelmsford Act 1919

(c) the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and imposition of martial law in Punjab

(d) enactment of certain laws curtailing freedom of speech and expression

5. The Provisional Government of free India was announced by:

(a) Vir Savarkar in USA in 1944

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose in Singapore in 1943

(c) Rash Behari Bose in Singapore in 1942

(d) None of the above

6. The First truly revolutionary organization in Bengal was

(a) Anusilan Samiti

(b) Yugantar

(c) Abhinava Bharata

(d) Abhinava Bharat Society

7. On September 20, 1932, Mahatma Gandhi began a fast unto death in Yervada Jail against

(a) British repression of the Satyagrahis

(b) Violation of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact

(c) Communal Award of Ramsay Mc Donald

(d) All the above

8. Where did Mahatma Gandhi first apply his technique of Satyagraha?

(a) Dandi

(b) Champaran

(c) England

(d) South Africai

Answer:

1. (a) Railway

2. (b) Simon Commission

3. (d) Lucknow

4. (c) the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and imposition of martial law in Punjab

5. (b) Subhash Chandra Bose in Singapore in 1943

6. (a) Anusilan Samiti

7. (c) Communal Award of Ramsay Mc Donald

8. (d) South Africa

Section Four: General Science

1. It is common practice to neutralize the soil by

(a) adding lime

(b) adding acid

(c) adding salt

(d) both acid and lime

2. In agriculture phosphorous is used as a

(a) mineral fertilizer and energy transfer

(b) only as mineral fertilizer

(c) only as energy transfer

(d) none of the above

3. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a

(a) highly reactive nucleotides

(b) phosphorous compound

(c) mineral fertilizer

(d) nitrate

4. If heavy teaching of the potassium occurs, which eventually results

(a) in salt damage to the flora and fauna is the waste energy

(b) in salt maintenance

(c) in preserving flora and fauna

(d) none of the above

5. What strikes the screen in a TV, which gives rise to the pictures?

(a) Protons

(b) Slow neutrons

(c) Electrons

(d) Neutrons

6. DDT reaches the human system

(a) soil

(b) soil and water

(c) soil, water and fertilizer

(d) none of the above

7. Two metals that can tie up sulphydryl group (-SH) and deactivate enzymes are

(a) mercury and lead

(b) lead and sodium

(c) mercury and zinc

(d) zinc and potassium

8. The effects by which DNA becomes escapable of giving the necessary information for the control of cell growth is known as

(a) antigenic

(b) carcinogenic

(c) both A and B

(d) none of the above

Answer:

1. (a) adding lime

2. (a) mineral fertilizer and energy transfer

3. (a) highly reactive nucleotides

4. (a) in salt damage to the flora and fauna is the wast energy

5. (c) Electrons

6. (c) soil, water and fertilizer

7. (a) mercury and lead

8. (b) carcinogenic

Section Five: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

1. Cattle : Herd :: Sheep: ?

(a) Flock

(b) Swarm

(c) Crowd

(d) Shoal

(e) Mob

2. Moon: Satellite: : Earth:?

(a) Sun

(b) Planet

(c) Solar system

(d) Asteroid

3. X introduces Y saying, "He is the husband of the grand daughter of the father of my father. How is Y related to X ?

(a) Brother

(b) Son

(c) Brother-in-low

(d) Son-in-law

(e) Nephew

4. Showing on to the man on the stage, Rita said he is the brother of the daughter of the wife of my husband. How is the man on the stage related to Rita?

(a) Son

(b) Husband

(c) Cousin

(d) Nephew

(e) Brother-in-law

5. If in a certain language BLEMISH is coded as AODPHVG, how is CHAPTER coded in that code?

(a) DEBOVTDR

(b) BKZSSHQ

(c) CAHTPRE

(d) BGAQMFP

(e) ADGIQFS

6. If in a certain language CHAMPION is coded as HCMAIPNO how is NEGATIVE coded in that code?

(a) ENAGITEV

(b) NEAGVEIT

(c) MGAETVIE

(d) EGAITEVN

(e) NEGATIEV

7. Complete the series: 4, - 8, 16, - 32, 64, ( )

(a) 128

(b) – 128

(c) 192

(d) - 192

8. Which is the number that comes next in the following sequence 4, 6, 12, 14, 28, 30, ( )

(a) 32

(b) 64

(c) 62

(d) 60

Answer:

1. (a) Herd is a group of cattle. Similarly, flock is a collection of sheep. So, the answer is (a).

2. (b) Moon is a satellite and earth is a planet.

3. (c) The relations may be seen as follows: Father's father - grand father; Grandfather's grand daughter - Sister; Sister's husband - brother-in-law So Y is X’s brother-in-law and the answer is (c).

4. (a) The relations may be seen as follows: Wife of her husband - herself ; Brother of her daughter - her son So, the man is Rita's son and the answer is (a).

5. (b) In the code, the letters at odd places are one before and those at odd places are three places ahead of the corresponding letters in the word.

6. (a) In the code each of the two letters are reversed in arrangement.

7. (b) Clearly, each number in the series is the preceding number multiplied by - 2. Therefore Missing term = 64 x (- 2) = - 128. Hence, the answer is (b).

8. (d) The given sequence is a combination of two series 4, 12, 28, ( ) and 6, 14, 30. Clearly, the number to be found belongs to the first series. Now, the 'pattern followed is + 8, + 16, + 32, .... So, missing number = (28 + 32) = 60. Hence, the answer is (d).

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