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The QUEST - Issue Nine

Welcome to the ninth issue of The QUEST- a fortnightly newsletter from EnableAll.org, to help you prepare for competitive exams.

Section One: English

FILL IN THE BLANKS: A sentence with a blank space marked by dotted lines is given along with four answer choices out of which only one is correct. The candidates are expected to fill in the blank space with the correct choice.

1. ____ penalize you if you repeat the mistake.

(a) I shall

(b) I will

(c) I should

(d) I ought to

2. We should synchronise our watches. It is six O'clock ____.

(a) on my watch

(b) according to my watch

(c) by my watch

(d) says my watch

3. He is ____ his deceased father.

(a) grieving at

(b) grieving for

(c) grieving on

(d) grieving over

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given words.

4. Benevolence

(a) Greed

(b) Kindness

(c) Charitable

(d) Pleasing

5. Complement

(a) Praise

(b) Comment

(c) Divide

(d) Complete

Direction: Out of the four alternatives provided, choose the one word which has exactly the opposite meaning of the given words.

6. Deceit

(a) Cheat

(b) Sincerity

(c) Adequate

(d) Crafty

7. Dogmatic

(a) Indecisive

(b) Beneficial

(c) Intention

(d) Sure

8. Feeble

(a) Strong

(b) Lazy

(c) Deadly

(d) Conscious

Answers:

1. (b) I will

2. (c) by my watch

3. (b) grieving for

4. (b) Kindness

5. (d) Complete

6. (b) Sincerity

7. (a) Indecisive

8. (a) Strong

Section Two: Civics

1. What is a Writ of Quo Warranto?

(a) It is a writ from a superior court commanding some officer or particular authority to do a specific act

(b) It is an order from a higher court to stop proceedings in a certain case

(c) It is an order from the superior court to any official to show his right to the office

(d) To produce the body of a person

2. Fundamental Duties were introduced in the Constitution by the

(a) 40th Amendment

(b) 42nd Amendment

(c) 43rd Amendment

(d) 44th Amendment

3. The idea of Fundamental Duties is derived from

(a) American Constitution

(b) British Constitution

(c) Russian Constitution

(d) None of these

4. The Fundamental Duties of the Indian citizens are enshrined in

(a) Part IV of the Constitution

(b) Part IV- A of the Constitution

(c) Part III-A of the Constitution

(d) In Schedule IV -A

5. The main difference between Fundamental Rights and Directives Principles is

(a) fundamental rights are justiciable while directive principles are not

(b) fundamental rights are positive while directive principles are negative

(c) directive principles are given precedence over fundamental rights by courts in all cases

(d) None of the above

6. The constitutional head of the executive of the Union is

(a) the President

(b) the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers together

(c) the Prime Minister

(d) the Chief Justice of India

7. The President can be removed from his office before the expiry of his normal term only on the recommendation of

(a) the Supreme Court

(b) the Chief Justice of India

(c) Council of Ministers

(d) the two houses of of Parliament

8. The Council of Ministers is responsible to

(a) the Prime Minister

(b) the President

(c) the people

(d) the Parliament

Answers:

1. (c) It is an order from the superior court to any official to show his right to the office

2. (b) 42nd Amendment

3. (c) Russian Constitution

4. (b) Part IV- A of the Constitution

5. (a) fundamental rights are justiciable while directive principles are not

6. (a) the President

7. (d) the two houses of of Parliament

8. (d) the Parliament

Section Three: History

1. Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly

(a) to protest the passage of the Public Safety Bill

(b) as their aim was to overthrow the British Government

(c) to kill the members of the Legislative Council

(d) to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai

2. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Raj Guru were executed in

(a) April 1929

(b) April 1930

(c) March 1931

(d) February 1933

3. The Congress Ministries soon after tendered their resignation because

(a) of undue interference in their working by the Central Government

(b) of paucity of financial resources which hampered their smooth working

(c) the British Government declared India a party to war without consulting them

(d) of all the above reasons

4. The Cripps Mission visited India during the regime of

(a) Lord Mountbatten

(b) Lord Wavell

(c) Lord Linlithgow

(d) Lord Wellington

5. On 1944 C. Rajagopalachari suggested a formula, which is popularly known as Rajaji Formula with a view to

(a) secure grater representation for Indians in the Viceroy’ s Council

(b) bring about a settlement between Muslims and Hindus

(c) to resolve the political deadlock in the country

(d) none of the above

6. The Indian National Army was founded in

(a) 1940

(b) 1941

(c) 1942

(d) 1943

7. The proposals for the partition of India into the states of India and Pakistan were formally mooted in

(a) the Cripps Proposals

(b) Cabinet Mission Proposals

(c) Wavell Plan

(d) Mountbatten Plan

8. The Muslim League observed direct Action Day on 16 August 1945

(a) to bring unity among the various factions of the Muslims

(b) to protest against the inadequate representation to the Muslims in the Interim Government

(c) to express solidarity with the Congress in their struggle against the British

(d) to achieve Pakistan

Answers:

1. (a) to protest the passage of the Public Safety Bill

2. (c) March 1931

3. (c) the British Government declared India a party to war without consulting them

4. (c) Lord Linlithgow

5. (c) to resolve the political deadlock in the country

6. (c) 1942

7. (d) Mountbatten Plan

8. (d) to achieve Pakistan

Section Four: General Science

1. Red hemoglobin contains a complex of

(a) Fe

(b) Mg

(c) Ca

(d) None

2. An anemic patient should be given

(a) a tonic containing Na

(b) a tonic containing soluble iron

(c) a tonic containing Ca

(d) none

3. The valancy of iron in ferrous salt is

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 1

(d) none

4. Carbon tetra chloride is used as

(a) beverage

(b) fire extinguisher

(c) antibiotic

(d) painkiller

5. Heavy water is

(a) water containing salts

(b) water from sea

(c) oxide of deuterium

(d) none

6. Environment sequent consist of

(a) hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere

(b) lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere

(c) only biosphere & mesosphere

(d) lithoshpere, pedosphere & hydrosphere atmosphere

7. Omnivorous are

(a) plants eaters

(b) animal eaters only

(c) meat eaters

(d) plant and meat eaters

8. Aquatic Ecosystem are the measure ecosystem found in

(a) atmosphere

(b) lithosphere

(c) pedosphere

(d) hydrosphere

Answers:

1. (a) Fe

2. (b) a tonic containing soluble iron

3. (a) 2

4. (b) fire extinguisher

5. (c) oxide of deuterium

6. (d) lithoshpere, pedosphere & hydrosphere atmosphere

7. (d) plant and meat eaters

8. (d) hydrosphere

Section Five: Teaching Aptitude

1. Career education should begin

(a) in kindergarten

(b) in the third or fourth grades

(c) when the child enters junior high school

(d) in high school economics classes

(e) when the child begins to ask questions about jobs

2. Of the following birds of advice given by an experienced teacher to a new colleague, it would be best to ignore the one that state

(a) if you have a very shy child, don’t call on the child, wait until the child volunteers

(b) give praise to even the poorest achiever; you can always find something worthwhile to praise

(c) When a child misbehaves, first look for the reaction

(d) Write an interesting question on the board for the pupils to answer as soon as they enter the room

(e) Ask many “ how” and “Why” questions and not too many “what and who questions

3. To be successful with an overactive child, the teacher should

(a) Give the child extra written work so he/she will have a reason for remaining in his/her seat

(b) Allow the child to leave his/her seat whenever he/she becomes restless

(c) Provide the child with purposeful activities that legitimize the need for movement

(d) Isolate the child from the class

(e) Give the child a pass to the lavatory every half hour

4. The teacher of a class with a sizeable number of Spaniards notices that the Spaniards and the other children form two separate groups on the school playground. The teacher is best advised to

(a) ignore the situation

(b) suggest that the principal organize a separate class of Spaniards

(c) call a meeting of the parents and ask them what they think should be done

(d) Organize those playground games that promote co-mingling

(e) Plan a unit on “America, the Melting Plot”

5. A class assembly programme best contributes to educational goals when it

(a) presents a well known children’s play written by a talented author

(b) features the best singers or actors in the class

(c) is prepared by the teacher and based on his/her familiarity with the class

(d) Is written by the children with help from the teacher, and is based on one of the current learning activities of the class

(e) Is praised by parents as being “just like a Broadway show”

6. When planning to develop the powers of creative thinking, the teacher should allow for all of the following experience except

(a) comparison of the treatment of a social studies topic in two textbooks

(b) failure of an experiment in science

(c) inability to locate a book in the school library

(d) failure to solve a problem because of insufficient information

(e) Solving of all problems through use of a well practiced formula

7. All of the following are applicable in good motivation except that it

(a) Should be brief

(b) Should be relevant to the pupils

(c) Should be related to the lesson that follows

(d) Need not always come at the beginning of the lesson

(e) Should always come from the teacher

8. Of the following statements above slow learners and bright children, the correct one is that

(a) bright children are likely to have a higher incidence of emotional problems

(b) slow learners are likely to have greater manual dexterity

(c) slow learners are likely to be physically stronger

(d) both groups are difficult to identify when very young

(e) both groups strive for success in school

Answers:

1. (a) in kindergarten

2. (a) if you have a very shy child, don’t call on the child, wait until the child volunteers

3. (c) Provide the child with purposeful activities that legitimize the need for movement

4. (d) Organize those playground games that promote co-mingling

5. (b) features the best singers or actors in the class

6. (e) Solving of all problems through use of a well practiced formula

7. (e) Should always come from the teacher

8. (e) both groups strive for success in school

Section Six: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning

1. Which number would replace question mark in the series 2, 7, 14, 23, ?, 47.

(a) 28

(b) 34

(c) 31

(d) 38

2. Which is the number that comes next in the following sequence 4, 6, 12, 14, 28, 30, (?)

(a) 32

(b) 64

(c) 62

(d) 60

3. Find the wrong number in the series 3, 8, 15, 24, 34, 48, 63

(a) 15

(b) 24

(c) 34

(d) 48

(e) 63

4. Directions : In question, one term till the number series is wrong. Find out the wrong term 6, 12, 48, 100, 384, 768, 3072

(a) 768

(b) 384

(c) 100

(d) 48

(e) 12

5. If TAIL is coded as VCKN, how is PEACE coded in that code?

(a) RGCEG

(b) QFBDF

(c) RDZBD

(d) QECEG

6. If in a certain language CARROM is coded as BZQQNL, which word will be coded as HOUSE?

(a) IPVTF

(b) GNTRD

(c) INVRF

(d) GPTID

(e) FNSRC

7. Choose the word which is least like the other words in the group.

(a) Curd

(b) Butter

(c) Oil

(d) Cheese

(e) Cream

8. Choose the word which is least like the other words in the group.

(a) Pearl

(b) Diamond

(c) Ruby

(d) Garnet

(e) Topaz

Answers:

1. (b) The given sequence is + 5, + 7, + 9. i.e. 2 + 5 = 7 ; 7 + 7 = 14 ; 14 + 9 = 23. Therefore missing number = 23 + 11 = 34. Hence, the answer is (b) 34.

2. (d) The given sequence is a combination of two series 4, 12, 28, ( ) and 6, 14, 30.Clearly, the number to be found belongs to the first series. Now, the 'pattern followed is + 8, + 16, + 32. So, the missing number = (28 + 32) = 60. Hence, the answer is (d) 60.

3. (c) The difference between consecutive terms of the given series are respectively 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13.Clearly, 34 is a wrong number. So, the answer is (c) 34.

4. (c) : Each term at even place in the series, except 100 is obtained by multiplying the preceding term by 2. 100 is wrong, the, correct term being 96. So the incorrect numbers is (c) 100.

5. (a) In the code each letter is two ahead than the corresponding letter in the word.Thus, P is coded as R, E as G, A as C and C as E. So, the answer is (a) RGCEG.

6. (a) Each letter of the word is one step ahead of the corresponding letter of the code. So, H is coded as I, O as P, U as V, S as T and E as F i.e. HOUSE is coded as IPVTF. Hence, the answer is (a) IPVTF.

7. (c) All except oil are product obtained from milk. Hence, the answer is (c) Oil.

8. (a) Pearl is the only gem formed inside a shell. Hence, the answer is (a) Pearl.

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